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Prognostic implications of forkhead box protein O1 (FOXO1) and paired box 3 (PAX3) in epithelial ovarian cancer

 Gwan Hee Han  ;  Doo Byung Chay  ;  Sanghee Nam  ;  Hanbyoul Cho  ;  Joon-Yong Chung  ;  Jae-Hoon Kim 
 BMC CANCER, Vol.19(1) : 1202, 2019 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Epithelial ovarian cancer ; FOXO1 ; PAX3 ; Tumor marker
BACKGROUND: Transcription factors forkhead box protein O1 (FOXO1) and paired box 3 (PAX3) have been reported to play important roles in various cancers. However, their role in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has not been elucidated yet. Therefore, we evaluated the expression and clinical significance of FOXO1 and PAX3 in EOC. METHODS: Immunohistochemical analyses of FOXO1 and PAX3 in 212 EOCs, 57 borderline ovarian tumors, 153 benign epithelial ovarian tumors, and 79 nonadjacent normal epithelial tissues were performed using tissue microarray. Various clinicopathological variables, including the survival of EOC patients, were compared. In addition, the effect of FOXO1 on cell growth was assessed in EOC cell lines. RESULTS: FOXO1 and PAX3 protein expression levels were significantly higher in EOC tissues than in nonadjacent normal epithelial tissues, benign tissues, and borderline tumors (all p < 0.001). In EOC tissues, FOXO1 expression was positively correlated with PAX3 expression (Spearman's rho = 0.118, p = 0.149). Multivariate survival analysis revealed that high FOXO1 expression (hazard ratio = 2.77 [95% CI, 1.48-5.18], p = 0.001) could be an independent prognostic factor for overall survival. Most importantly, high expression of both FOXO1 and PAX3 showed a high hazard ratio (4.60 [95% CI, 2.00-10.55], p < 0.001) for overall survival. Also in vitro results demonstrated that knockdown of FOXO1 was associated with decreased cell viability, migration, and colony formation. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that high expression of FOXO1/PAX3 is an indicator of poor prognosis in EOC. Our results suggest the promising potential of FOXO1 and PAX3 as prognostic and therapeutic markers. The possible link between biological functions of FOXO1 and PAX3 in EOC warrants further studies.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology (산부인과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jae Hoon(김재훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6599-7065
Cho, Hanbyoul(조한별) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6177-1648
Chay, Doo Byung(채두병) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0648-4021
Han, Gwan Hee(한관희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5263-4855
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