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The Impact of Comorbidity Burden on The Association between Vascular Access Type and Clinical Outcomes among Elderly Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

 Jong Hyun Jhee  ;  Seun Deuk Hwang  ;  Joon Ho Song  ;  Seoung Woo Lee 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.9(1) : 18156, 2019 
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The optimal vascular access type for elderly hemodialysis patients is controversial. We evaluated the impact of comorbidity burden on the association between vascular access type and mortality risk among 23,100 hemodialysis patients aged ≥65 years from the Korean Society of Nephrology End-Stage Renal Disease registry data. Subjects were stratified into tertiles according to the simplified Charlson comorbidity index (sCCI), and the survival and hospitalization rates were compared with respect to vascular access type: arteriovenous fistula (AVF), arteriovenous graft (AVG), and central venous catheter (CVC). Among all tertiles of sCCI, CVC use showed highest risk of mortality than AVF use. In the lowest to middle tertile, no difference was observed in survival rates between the use of AVF and AVG. However, in the highest tertile, AVG use showed higher risk of mortality than AVF use. When subjects were classified according to a combination of sCCI tertile and access type (AVF vs. AVG), patients with the highest CCI with AVG showed 1.75-folded increased risk of mortality than those with the lowest sCCI with AVF. Hospitalization rates due to access malfunction were highest in patients with CVC in all sCCI tertiles. In the highest tertile, patients with AVG showed increased rates of hospitalization compared to those with AVF due to access malfunction. However, hospitalization rates due to access infection were highest in patients with AVG in all tertiles. The use of AVF may be of benefit and switching to AVF should be considered in elderly hemodialysis patients with a high burden of comorbidity.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Jhee, Jong Hyun(지종현)
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