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Relationship between the optimal cut-off values of anthropometric indices for predicting metabolic syndrome and carotid intima-medial thickness in a Korean population

 Yu Jin Yang  ;  Ho-Jong Park  ;  Ki-Bum Won  ;  Hyuk-Jae Chang  ;  Gyung-Min Park  ;  Yong-Giun Kim  ;  Soe Hee Ann  ;  Eun Ji Park  ;  Shin-Jae Kim  ;  Sang-Gon Lee 
 MEDICINE, Vol.98(42) : e17620, 2019 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Anthropometry/methods* ; Atherosclerosis/diagnosis ; Atherosclerosis/epidemiology* ; Atherosclerosis/etiology ; Carotid Intima-Media Thickness* ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Incidence ; Male ; Metabolic Syndrome/complications ; Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis ; Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology* ; Middle Aged ; Predictive Value of Tests ; ROC Curve ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Retrospective Studies ; Risk Assessment/methods*
Anthropometric measurements are simple and useful methods for predicting metabolic syndrome (MetS) because obesity is a predominant feature of MetS. Although carotid intima-medial thickness (IMT) is generally used to evaluate subclinical atherosclerosis, the relationship between the optimal cut-off anthropometric values for predicting MetS and carotid IMT has not been analyzed in a Korean population.Anthropometric measurements including waist circumference (WC), waist hip ratio (WHR), waist height ratio (WHtR), body mass index (BMI), and carotid IMT were assessed in 2560 Korean subjects without previous history of cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, neurological abnormalities, or malignancy who participated in baseline health examinations in a self-referral setting in the Seoul area between April 2010 and November 2012. MetS was defined using the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III criteria.In both men and women, the levels of all anthropometric indices were significantly higher in subjects with MetS than in those without MetS. According to the receiver operating characteristic curve, the values of 80.8 cm for WC, 0.87 for WHR, 0.52 for WHtR, and 24.6 kg/m for BMI were the optimal cut-offs for predicting MetS in women. The values of 89.3 cm for WC, 0.90 for WHR, 0.52 for WHtR, and 25.1 kg/m for BMI were the optimal cut-offs for predicting MetS in men. After adjusting for confounding factors, the WC optimal cut-off values for predicting MetS were independently associated with carotid IMT in both women and men (women: β = 0.016, P = .008; men: β = 0.033, P = .009). The optimal BMI cut-off value was independently associated with carotid IMT in men only (β = 0.027, P = .032).Among anthropometric indices including WC, WHR, WHtR, and BMI, the WC optimal cut-off values for MetS were independently associated with an increased carotid IMT in both women and men in a Korean population.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chang, Hyuk-Jae(장혁재) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6139-7545
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