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Changes of root lengths and crestal bone height in nail biting patients

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dc.description.abstractAlthough the purpose of orthodontic treatment is to increase the function and aesthetics of the jaws as well as to increase stability, there are side effects from the treatment itself such as root resorption and alveolar bone resorption. Such resoiption of the apical root is unpredictable and may even proceed into the dentin layer. Once the process has begun, it is irreversible. By evaluating the effects of different oral habits, especially that ef nail biting, and their correlation with the root and the periodontal tissues, the appropriate biomechanics for orthodontic treatment can be taken into consideration. The possibility of root resorption and alveolar bone loss during orthodontic treatment can also be considered. Also, any legal problems that might occur may be pondered as well. Among the male md female patients of the ages $10\~15$, 63 were chosen as the test group with known nail biting habits at time of examination and within the same age range those without nail biting habits as the control group. The test group was composed of 30 males and 33 females. The control group had 31 males and 32 females. The result from this study were as follows : 1. Of the 63 patients of both the test and control groups, the male-to-female-ratio was 1:1, and had no statistically significant difference in male and female root resorption. 2. In comparing crown length of the test and control groups, no significant difference existed, but in root length, maxillary and mandibular right and left central incisors and mandibular right lateral incisors had a smaller value. (p<0.001) 3. Average crown-to-root ratio of the test group on the periapical view show a noticeably high value for the maxillary and mandibular right and left central incisors and mandibular right and left lateral incisors. (p<0.01) 4. In comparing and evaluating the alveolar bone loss measured from the cemento-enamel junction to the alveolar bone crest, mesial surfaces of the maxillary and mandibular right and left central incisors and distal surface of maxillary right central incisor of the test group showed greater loss of crestal bone than the control. (p<0.05)-
dc.languageKorean, English-
dc.relation.isPartOfKorean Journal of Orthodontics (대한치과교정학회지)-
dc.rightsCC BY-NC-ND 2.0 KR-
dc.titleChanges of root lengths and crestal bone height in nail biting patients-
dc.title.alternative손톱 깨물기 습관을 가진 아동의 전치부 치근길이와 치조골 높이 변화에 관한 연구-
dc.contributor.collegeCollege of Dentistry (치과대학)-
dc.contributor.departmentDept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실)-
dc.contributor.googleauthorChung-Ju Hwang-
dc.contributor.googleauthorJung-Suk Kim-
dc.subject.keywordNail biting habits-
dc.subject.keywordRoot resorption-
dc.subject.keywordAlveolar bone loss-
dc.subject.keywordCrown/root ratio-
dc.contributor.alternativeNameHwang, Chung Ju-
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationKorean Journal of Orthodontics (대한치과교정학회지), Vol.29(6) : 689-698, 1999-
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers


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