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백서 좌골신경에서 아드레닐린이 국소마취제에 의한 복합활동전압의 억제에 미치는 영향

Other Titles
 The Effect of Adrenaline on the Blockade of Compound Action Potential by Local Anesthetics in Rat Sciatic Nerves 
 최윤  ;  임중우  ;  양현철  ;  양홍석  ;  한성민  ;  유재영  ;  임승운  ;  이동명 
 Journal of Korean Society of Anesthesiologist (대한마취과학회지), Vol.37(5) : 675-684, 1999 
Journal Title
Journal of Korean Society of Anesthesiologist(대한마취과학회지)
Issue Date
Animals, rats ; Local anesthetics, lidocaine ; Monitoring, compound action potential ; Nerve, sciatic ; Pharmacology, adrenaline
Adrenaline has often been used to prolong the local anesthetic effect during surgical procedures. As a possible explanation for this, a local vasoconstriction caused by adrenaline has been proposed. However, in a recent study, clonidine, an alpha2 adrenergic receptor agonist, was reported to block the conduction of mammalian nerves in vitro. Thus, there is a possibility that adrenaline may block nerve conduction by acting on the adrenergic receptor. The present study is performed to see : (1) If adrenaline directly affects nerve conduction ; (2) If adrenaline affects conduction blockade caused by local anesthetic.
Recordings of compound action potentials (CAPs) of A- and C-components were obtained from isolated sciatic nerves of adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Dose-response curves of lidocaine and adrenaline regarding depression of CAPs were determined. Effects of adrenaline on the lidocaine-induced nerve block was assessed by comparing the effect of lidocaine (3.5x 10 5) with a lidocaine-epinephrine mixture (Lido-Epi, 3.5 x10 5 lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine).
Adrenaline, near the clinical concentrations, had no effect on the size of either A- or C-component of CAPs. The ED50 of lidocaine was 3.5x 10 5. Lidocaine depressed A-CAP 45.9+/- 7.0 when compared with baseline value, and the Lido-Epi solution depressed A-CAP to 41.7+/- 5.0 (P > 0.05). Lidocaine depressed C-CAP 59.8 +/- 3.4 when compared with the baseline value, and the Lido-Epi solution depressed C-CAP to 60.5 8.1 (P > 0.05). Consequently, adrenaline did not augment lidocaine induced nerve blockade.
This study confirmed that adrenaline applied to the peripheral nerve has no effect either on nerve conduction itself or on conduction block produced by lidocaine.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Physiology (생리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Leem, Joong Woo(임중우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1605-2230
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