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Glycerin과 Propylene Glycol 도포에 의한 함습작용의 기전에 관한 연구:각질세포간 지질과 교소체에 미치는 영향

Other Titles
 The Mechanism of Moisturization by Glycerin and Propylene Glycol : Their Effects on the Intercorneocyte Lipid and Desmosome 
Authors
 황상민  ;  박상훈  ;  안성구  ;  이승헌 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Dermatology (대한피부과학회지), Vol.37(12) : 1715-1723, 1999 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Dermatology (대한피부과학회지) 
ISSN
 0494-4739 
Issue Date
1999
Keywords
Glycerin ; Propylene glycol ; Moisturization
Abstract
Background:Moisturizers induce skin hydration and then increase flexibility and elasticity, making the skin soft and smooth, and protecting it against environmental stimuli. Objective:The aim of this work was to study the role of intercorneocyte lipid layers and desmosomes in the mechanism of moisturization. Methods:Transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and capacitance were measured and the morphologic changes of the intercorneocyte lipid layers and desmosomes with electron microscopy, using ruthenium tetroxide (RuO4) postfixation, following the application of glycerin, propylene glycol, and a mixture of glycerin and propylene glycol for a 2 hour period to the epidermis of hairless mice were measured. Results:1. The TEWL was significantly increased in all three groups; glycerin, propylene glycol, and mixture of glycerin and propylene glycol. The increase of TEWL after the application of glycerin was maintained from the second to the forth hour after application which was statistically significant, after the application of propylene glycol it was maintained for 5 hours, and after the application of a mixture of glycerin and propylene glycol, for 6 hours. 2. The capacitance also was increased in all three experimental groups, compared to the control group. However there was no statistical significance. 3. Light microscopic findings showed no specific changes in all three groups, compared to the control group. 4. Ultrastructural observation by electron microscope, using RuO4 postfixation, showed widening of the intercorneocyte lipid layers in all three groups. In contrast to glycerin in which the results showed detachment of the desmosomes without changes in the intercorneocyte lipid layers, propylene glycol showed interruption and undulation of the intercorneocyte lipid layers and expansion of the lacunae spaces. A mixture of glycerin and propylene glycol showed interruption and undulation of the intercorneocyte lipid layers, detachment of the desmosomes, and, partial, formation of lacunae. Conclusion:These results suggest that the moisturizing effects of glycerin result from an increased detachment of the desmosomes and widening of the intercorneocyte lipid layers and then an increase in the water holding capacity of the stratum corneum. Propylene glycol, a chemical penetration enhancer, induce widening, interruption, and undulation of the lipid layers and expansion of the lacunae space. In the mixture of glycerin and propylene glycol, propylene glycol potentiate and continue the moisturizing effects of the glycerin.
Full Text
http://kiss.kstudy.com/thesis/thesis-view.asp?key=1872782
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Dermatology (피부과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Seung Hun(이승헌)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/173891
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