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Radiofrequency catheter ablation of accessory pathways at the site of prior valve surgery

 Jae‐Sun Uhm  ;  Jun Kim  ;  Moo‐Nyun Jin  ;  In‐Soo Kim  ;  Min Soo Cho  ;  Pil‐Sung Yang  ;  Hee Tae Yu  ;  Tae‐Hoon Kim  ;  Boyoung Joung  ;  Hui‐Nam Pak  ;  Gi‐Byoung Nam  ;  Kee‐Joon Choi  ;  You‐Ho Kim  ;  Chun Hwang  ;  Moon‐Hyoung Lee 
 Journal of Arrhythmia, Vol.35(4) : 645-653, 2019 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Ebstein anomaly ; Wolff‐Parkinson‐White syndrome ; accessory pathway ; catheter ablation ; prosthetic valve
Background: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for accessory pathways (APs) at the site of prior valve surgery (VS) remains challenging. We aimed to clarify the factors associated with successful RFCA for such APs.

Methods: Upon reviewing a RFCA registry and previous case reports, we included nine patients who underwent RFCA of APs at the site of prior VS (total-VS group; age, 34.0 [24.5-45.0] years; men, 4/9) and 196 patients who underwent RFCA of APs with no history of VS (no-VS group; age, 40.5 [23.0-54.0] years; men, 114/196). Electrophysiological features, procedural details, and outcomes were examined.

Results: Accessory pathway exhibited decremental conduction in four of nine patients in the total-VS group. The number of RFCA attempts was significantly higher in the total-VS group than in the no-VS group (10.0 [4.5-14.5] vs 2.0 [1.0-3.0]; P < 0.001). In four patients who underwent mitral VS, successful RFCA was achieved using the transaortic approach, coronary sinus (CS) approach, or bipolar ablation. In three patients who underwent tricuspid VS, successful RFCA was achieved using the above-prosthetics or trans-prosthetics approach. In two patients, RFCA failed. The trans-prosthetics approach and bipolar ablation technique were effective. The transaortic and CS approaches were occasionally effective. The transseptal approach was ineffective.

Conclusions: Successful RFCA of APs at the site of prior VS can be achieved by detailed mapping of the areas both above and below the prosthetic valve, as well as by ensuring effective radiofrequency energy delivery using various catheter approaches and RFCA techniques.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, In-Soo(김인수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2801-5514
Kim, Tae-Hoon(김태훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4200-3456
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Yang, Pil Sung(양필성)
Uhm, Jae Sun(엄재선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1611-8172
Yu, Hee Tae(유희태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6835-4759
Lee, Moon-Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
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