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Pediatric Home Mechanical Ventilation in Korea: the Present Situation and Future Strategy

 Mireu Park  ;  Haerin Jang  ;  In Suk Sol  ;  Soo Yeon Kim  ;  Young Suh Kim  ;  Yoon Hee Kim  ;  Myung Hyun Sohn  ;  Kyung Won Kim 
 JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE, Vol.34(42) : e268, 2019 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Children ; Home Mechanical Ventilation ; National Health Insurance
BACKGROUND: The number of children using home mechanical ventilation (HMV) has increased markedly in Europe and North America, but little is known about the situation in Korea. We described the clinical characteristics of children using HMV and investigated the current situation of HMV utilization in children. METHODS: Data on HMV prescriptions in year 2016 for children under the age of 19 was retrieved from the National Health Insurance Service for nationwide information. For more detailed information, data from year 2016 to 2018 was also retrieved from a tertiary center, Severance Children's Hospital. RESULTS: Nationwide, 416 children were prescribed with HMV in 2016, with an estimated prevalence of 4.4 per 100,000 children, of which 64.2% were male and mean age was 6-year-old. The estimated number of patients using invasive ventilators via tracheostomy was 202 (49%). Neuromuscular diseases were the most frequent cause (217; 52%), followed by central nervous system diseases (142; 34%), and cardiopulmonary diseases (57; 14%). In the tertiary center, a total of 62 children were prescribed with HMV (19 [31%] with non-invasive ventilation; 43 [69%] with invasive ventilation]. The number of children with HMV increased from 11 in 2016 to 29 in 2018. The mean age for initiation of HMV was 3.1 years and male patients comprised 65%. The most frequent diagnostic reason for HMV was central nervous system diseases (68%), followed by cardiopulmonary diseases (19%) and neuromuscular diseases (13%). Five patients died during the study period and five patients weaned from HMV. CONCLUSION: This study provides insights on the present situation of HMV utilization in Korean children.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyung Won(김경원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4529-6135
Kim, Soo Yeon(김수연) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4965-6193
Kim, Yoon Hee(김윤희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2149-8501
Park, Mireu(박미르)
Sol, In Suk(설인숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2470-9682
Sohn, Myung Hyun(손명현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2478-487X
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