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Management of an Open Abdomen Considering Trauma and Abdominal Sepsis: A Single-Center Experience

 Young Un Choi  ;  Seung Hwan Lee  ;  Jae Gil Lee 
 Journal of Acute Care Surgery, Vol.9(2) : 39-44, 2019 
Journal Title
Journal of Acute Care Surgery
Issue Date
abdominal wound closure ; hemoperitoneum ; intra-abdominal hypertension ; intra-abdominal infections
Purpose: To describe the experience of patients over a 7-year period who have had open abdomen (OA) surgery, at a tertiary university hospital.
Methods: The medical records of 59 patients, who were managed with OA after a laparotomy between March 2009 and December 2015, were reviewed retrospectively. The data collected included demographics, indication for OA, abdominal closure methods, abdominal closure rate, the intensive care unit stay duration, mechanical ventilation duration, hospital stay duration, and complications.
Results: Forty-seven patients (37 males, 78.7%) with a mean age of 52.2 ± 16.7 years were reviewed in the study. The indications for OA were traumatic intra-abdominal bleeding in 23 patients (48.9%), non-traumatic bowel perforation in 10 (21.3%), non-traumatic bleeding in 7 (14.9%), and bowel infarction in 6 (12.8%). The abdominal wall was closed in 38 patients (80.9%). Primary closures and fascial closure using an artificial mesh were performed on 21 (44.7%) and 12 patients (25.5%), respectively. The median number of dressing changes was 0 (interquartile range 0 - 1). The median duration of the intensive care unit and hospital stays were 12.0 and 32.0 days, respectively. The median interval to abdominal closure was 4 days (interquartile range 2 - 10.3 days). Twenty-seven patients developed complications, including uncontrolled sepsis (21.3%), entero-atmospheric fistula (19.1%), ventral hernia (8.5%), bleeding (4.3%), and lateralization (4.3%). The mortality rate was 44.7% with sepsis being the main cause of death (61.9%).
Conclusion: Traumatic intra-abdominal bleeding was a common indication for OA. Primary closure was performed in most patients, and frequent complications resulted in poor patient outcomes.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Seung Hwan(이승환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7325-8262
Lee, Jae Gil(이재길) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1148-8035
Choi, Young Un(최영운)
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