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Urine Osmolality and Renal Outcome in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: Results from the KNOW-CKD

 Mi Jung Lee  ;  Tae Ik Chang  ;  Joongyub Lee  ;  Yeong Hoon Kim  ;  Kook-Hwan Oh  ;  Sung Woo Lee  ;  Soo Wan Kim  ;  Jung Tak Park  ;  Tae-Hyun Yoo  ;  Shin-Wook Kang  ;  Kyu Hun Choi  ;  Curie Ahn  ;  Seung Hyeok Han 
 KIDNEY & BLOOD PRESSURE RESEARCH, Vol.44(5) : 1089-1100, 2019 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Chronic kidney disease ; Estimated glomerular filtration rate ; Outcome ; Urine osmolality
BACKGROUND: Urine osmolality indicates the ability of the kidney to concentrate the urine and reflects the antidiuretic action of vasopressin. However, results about the association between urine osmolality and adverse renal outcomes in chronic kidney disease (CKD) are conflicting. We investigated the association between urine osmolality and adverse renal outcomes in a nationwide prospective CKD cohort. METHODS: A total of 1,999 CKD patients were categorized into 3 groups according to their urine osmolality tertiles. Primary outcome was a composite of 50% decline in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), initiation of dialysis, or kidney transplantation. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 35.2 ± 19.0 months, primary outcome occurred in 432 (21.6%) patients; 240 (36.4%), 162 (24.3%), and 30 (4.5%) in the lowest, middle, and highest tertiles, respectively. Low urine osmolality was independently associated with a greater risk of CKD progression (hazard ratio [HR], 1.71; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12-2.59). This association was particularly evident in patients with CKD stages 3-4 (per 10 mosm/kg decrease; HR, 1.02; 95% CI, 1.00-1.03). Adding urine osmolality to a base model with conventional factors significantly increased the ability to predict CKD progression (C-statistics, 0.86; integrated discrimination improvement [IDI], 0.021; both p < 0.001). However, adding both urine osmolality and eGFR did not further improve the predictive ability compared with the addition of eGFR only (C-statistics, p = 0.29; IDI, p = 0.09). CONCLUSIONS: Low urine osmolality was an independent risk factor for adverse renal outcomes in CKD patients, but its predictive ability did not surpass eGFR. Thus, kidney function should be considered while interpreting the clinical significance of urine osmolality.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Shin Wook(강신욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5677-4756
Park, Jung Tak(박정탁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2325-8982
Yoo, Tae Hyun(유태현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9183-4507
Choi, Kyu Hun(최규헌) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0095-9011
Han, Seung Hyeok(한승혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7923-5635
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