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Proband-Only Clinical Exome Sequencing for Neurodevelopmental Disabilities

 Se Hee Kim  ;  Borahm Kim  ;  Joon Soo Lee  ;  Heung Dong Kim  ;  Jong Rak Choi  ;  Seung-Tae Lee  ;  Hoon-Chul Kang 
 PEDIATRIC NEUROLOGY, Vol.99 : 47-54, 2019 
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Issue Date
Children ; Intellectual disability ; Neurodiagnostics
BACKGROUND: Whole exome sequencing on family trios gives the highest diagnostic yield, but high cost limits its application. Here, we performed proband-only clinical exome sequencing in a population of patients with neurodevelopmental disabilities and tested the diagnostic yield. METHODS: This observational, retrospective study included 108 unrelated patients with neurodevelopmental disabilities who underwent clinical exome sequencing at the outpatient clinics of the Severance Children's Hospital, Seoul, South Korea, between March 2017 and May 2018. Clinical exome sequencing targeted 4503 disease-causing genes. RESULTS: The overall diagnostic rate was 38.0% (41 of 108) when proband-only clinical exome sequencing was performed without additional parental testing. Four sequence variants were reclassified as likely pathogenic after parental testing, representing an additional 3.7% of the diagnostic yield. The final diagnostic rate was 41.7% (45 of 108). Of 45 patients with genetic abnormalities, a total of 38 sequence variations were detected in 33 (30.6%) patients with five homozygous cases, and 13 chromosomal copy number variants were detected in 12 (11.1%) patients. Novel variants of known causal genes for neurodevelopmental disabilities were detected in 18 (16.7%) patients. These were variants that could be reclassified as likely pathogenic if the de novo nature of the mutation was confirmed after testing of parental samples. CONCLUSIONS: Proband-only clinical exome sequencing is a practical diagnostic tool that may be implemented in the clinical setting for patients with neurodevelopmental disabilities. A cost-effective approach to neurodevelopmental disabilities would be a proband-only clinical exome sequencing followed by parental testing of selective candidate variants.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Hoon Chul(강훈철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3659-8847
Kim, Borahm(김보람) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0923-7744
Kim, Se Hee(김세희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7773-1942
Kim, Heung Dong(김흥동) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8031-7336
Lee, Seung-Tae(이승태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1047-1415
Lee, Joon Soo(이준수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-9343
Choi, Jong Rak(최종락) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0608-2989
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