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소음성 난청 선별검사용 문진표의 유용성

Other Titles
 The Effectiveness of Questionnaire Utilized for Screening Noise Induced Hearing Loss 
 송재석  ;  최병수  ;  원종욱  ;  노재훈 
 Korean Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (대한산업의학회지), Vol.12(4) : 473-482, 2000 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (대한산업의학회지) 
Issue Date
Noise induced hearing loss ; Questionnaire ; Special health examination
Objectives : This study was performed to investigate the effectiveness of the questionnaire. Methods : Workers’ health examination records, work environment record, and questionnaires of selected industries as samples were analysed using logistic regression analysis and discrimination analysis Results : Cases of hearing impairment (D1+C) as dependent variables, and age, work duration and level of environmental noise as independent variables were selected for multiple unconditional logistic regression analysis. Odds ratio was 4.04 in hearing difficulty, 2.78 in tinnitus and 1.08 in age. In the second analysis Noise induced hearing loss is selected as dependent variable. The OR in hearing difficulty was 3.67(95 % C.I. : 1.61- 8.61), and was 1.09(95 % C.I. : 1.05-1.14) in age. Conditionnal multiple logistic regression analysis was performed. In hearing impairment as dependent variable, the OR of age was 1.02(95 % C.I. : 1.00-1.04) and other variables were not significant. However, NIHL as dependent, the OR of hearing difficulty was 4.57(95 % C.I. : 1.43-14.67). According to multiple logistic regression adopting each items of questionnaire as dependent variable, the only item of hearing difficulty showed significant difference with hearing ability. The discrimination analysis was performed with the class variable of hearing impairment, and discrimination variables of age, work duration, and environment noise level. The sensitivity of 59 %, and specificity of 88 %, and average error count of 23 % were obtained. When the numbers of items answered in questionnaire were assumed as the parameter of judgement for noise induced hearing loss(NIHL), the highest sensitivity and specificity were 33.5% and 49.0% in cases of more than two items answered. Conclusions : The development of items that is simple and discriminative mainly consisted of chronic and specific diseases related items is needed. Computerization for newly developed items might be needed to establish effective surveillance system for NIHL in the future.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (작업환경의학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Won, Jong Uk(원종욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9200-3297
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