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Increased expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and angiogenesis in the early stage of multistep hepatocarcinogenesis.

 Young Nyun Park  ;  Young-Bae Kim  ;  Kyung Moo Yang  ;  Chanil Park 
 Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, Vol.124(7) : 1061-1065, 2000 
Journal Title
 Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine 
Issue Date
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/blood supply* ; Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/etiology ; Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism* ; Cell Division ; Endothelial Growth Factors/metabolism* ; Female ; Humans ; Immunohistochemistry ; Liver Neoplasms/blood supply* ; Liver Neoplasms/etiology ; Liver Neoplasms/metabolism* ; Lymphokines/metabolism* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Neovascularization, Pathologic* ; Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/metabolism ; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A ; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is known to receive its blood supply principally from the hepatic arteries. Recent studies have reported differences in the vascular supply, especially arterial supply among low- and high-grade dysplastic nodules (DNs) (also referred to as adenomatous hyperplasia and macroregenerative nodules) and HCCs. Increased expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been reported in HCC. In addition, VEGF may play an important role in the early phases of hepatocarcinogenesis. METHODS: We immunohistochemically stained 7 low-grade DNs, 8 high-grade DNs, 11 early HCCs, 17 small HCCs, and 21 advanced HCCs with antibodies against VEGF, alpha-smooth muscle actin (to identify unpaired arteries, ie, arteries not accompanied by bile ducts, indicative of angiogenesis), CD34 (as a marker of sinusoidal capillarization), and proliferation cell nuclear antigen. RESULTS: Expression of VEGF was found in the hepatocytes and HCC cells. The degree of VEGF expression increased gradually according to the stepwise development of hepatocarcinogenesis. It was higher in high-grade DNs and early HCCs than in low-grade DNs. The hepatocytes and HCC cells adjacent to peliosis and fibrous septa showed stronger VEGF expression. Angiogenesis, unpaired arteries, and sinusoidal capillarization developed from low-grade DNs and gradually increased. It was highest in HCCs. The proliferation cell nuclear antigen labeling indexes of hepatocytes and HCC cells also increased gradually as hepatocarcinogenesis progressed. Small HCCs showed a higher status of neoangiogenesis and cell proliferation activity than advanced HCCs. The degree of VEGF expression was correlated with angiogenesis and cell proliferation activity. CONCLUSION: We conclude that VEGF plays a significant role in angiogenesis, growth, and development of HCC.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Young Nyun(박영년) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0357-7967
Park, Chan Il(박찬일)
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