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The multicenter surveillance study for nosocomial infections in Korea.

 June Myung Kim  ;  Eun Suk Park  ;  Jae Sim Jeong  ;  Kyung Mi Kim  ;  Jeong Mi Kim  ;  Hyang Soon Oh  ;  Sung Won Yoon  ;  Hyun Sook Chang  ;  Kyung Hee Chang  ;  Sang Il Lee  ;  Moo Song Lee  ;  Jae Hoon Song  ;  Moon Won Kang  ;  Seung Chul Park  ;  Kang Won Choe  ;  Chik Hyun Pai 
 American Journal of Infection Control, Vol.28(6) : 454-458, 2000 
Journal Title
 American Journal of Infection Control 
Issue Date
Contact Tracing ; Cross Infection/epidemiology* ; Cross Infection/etiology* ; Cross Infection/microbiology ; Data Collection ; Escherichia coli Infections/epidemiology ; Escherichia coli Infections/etiology ; Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology ; Health Planning ; Health Policy ; Hospital Bed Capacity ; Humans ; Infection Control/methods* ; Korea/epidemiology ; Medical Audit ; Practice Guidelines as Topic ; Program Evaluation ; Prospective Studies ; Pseudomonas Infections/epidemiology ; Pseudomonas Infections/etiology ; Pseudomonas Infections/microbiology ; Risk Factors ; Staphylococcal Infections/epidemiology ; Staphylococcal Infections/etiology ; Staphylococcal Infections/microbiology
BACKGROUND: The goals of a surveillance for nosocomial infections (NIs) are to observe the magnitude and characteristics of NIs and to plan and evaluate policies and guidelines of infection control. This study was designed to determine the rate and distribution of NIs and their causative pathogens in Korean hospitals. METHODS: Prospective surveillance was performed at 15 acute care hospitals with more than 500 beds during a 3-month period from June to August 1996. The case-finding methods were laboratory-based surveillance for patients in the general wards and a direct review of medical charts done regularly for all the patients in the intensive care units. RESULTS: A total of 3162 NIs were found among 85,547 discharged patients, with an overall nosocomial infection rate of 3.70 per 100 patients discharged. Urinary tract infections constituted 30.3% of all NIs. Other infections were pneumonias, 17.2%, surgical site infections, 15.5%, and primary bloodstream infections, 14.5%. The infection rate was the highest in neurosurgery (14.21), followed by neurology (8. 62) and ontology services (6.70). The infection rate in intensive care units was higher than it was in the general wards (10.74 vs 2. 57, P =.001). The commonly isolated organisms were Staphylococcus aureus (17.2%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (13.8%), and Escherichia coli (12.3%). CONCLUSIONS: This first multicenter surveillance study provided extensive information on the current status and trends of NIs in major hospitals in Korea. The results may contribute to the evaluation of infection control programs and the development of effective strategies in these hospitals.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, June Myung(김준명)
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