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Body Mass Index Variability and Long-term Risk of New-Onset Atrial Fibrillation in the General Population: A Korean Nationwide Cohort Study

 Yeong-Min Lim  ;  Pil-Sung Yang  ;  Eunsun Jang  ;  Hee Tae Yu  ;  Tae-Hoon Kim  ;  Jae-Sun Uhm  ;  Jong-Youn Kim  ;  Hui-Nam Pak  ;  Moon-Hyoung Lee  ;  Boyoung Joung  ;  Gregory Y.H. Lip 
 Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Vol.94(2) : 225-235, 2019 
Journal Title
 Mayo Clinic Proceedings 
Issue Date
Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology* ; Atrial Fibrillation/etiology ; Body Mass Index* ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Incidence ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Obesity/complications* ; Obesity/epidemiology ; Population Surveillance* ; Prognosis ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Retrospective Studies ; Risk Assessment* ; Risk Factors ; Time Factors
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of body mass index (BMI) variability on the incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke, cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, and CV outcomes in a general Asian population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from the National Health Insurance Service-Health Screening cohort in Korea were used: 171,324 patients without AF were included, and BMI measurements occurred biennially from January 1, 2002, through December 31, 2009. Patient outcomes were followed through 2013. The BMI intraindividual variability between visits was measured. RESULTS: During mean ± SD follow-up of 47.4±3.9 months, 1959 patients (1.1%) developed new-onset AF. Overweight or obesity (BMI ≥25) had a greater risk of new-onset AF compared with BMI of 20 to 22.5, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.24 (95% CI, 1.10-1.41; P<.001). In underweight or normal-weight participants (initial BMI <25), a 1-kg/m2 increase of BMI variability increased the risk of new-onset AF, with an adjusted HR (aHR) of 1.13 (95% CI, 1.01-1.25; P=.02). Weight gain increased the risk of new-onset AF (aHR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.01-1.71; P=.04) and myocardial infarction (aHR, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.06-2.18; P=.02) but not stroke. In this group, blood pressure, glucose level, and total cholesterol level were higher in individuals with the greatest BMI variability compared with those with stable BMI. CONCLUSION: In the underweight and normal-weight Asian population, BMI variability, especially weight gain, was related to increased risk of new-onset AF and myocardial infarction. Avoiding weight gain is important to improve CV outcomes.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jong Youn(김종윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7040-8771
Kim, Tae-Hoon(김태훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4200-3456
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Uhm, Jae Sun(엄재선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1611-8172
Yu, Hee Tae(유희태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6835-4759
Lee, Moon-Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
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