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Risk of dementia in stroke-free patients diagnosed with atrial fibrillation: data from a population-based cohort

 Dongmin Kim  ;  Pil-Sung Yang  ;  Hee Tae Yu  ;  Tae-Hoon Kim  ;  Eunsun Jang  ;  Jung-Hoon Sung  ;  Hui-Nam Pak  ;  Myung-Yong Lee  ;  Moon-Hyoung Lee  ;  Gregory Y H Lip  ;  Boyoung Joung 
 European Heart Journal, Vol.40(28) : 2313-2323, 2019 
Journal Title
 European Heart Journal 
Issue Date
Aged ; Anticoagulation ; Atrial fibrillation ; Dementia ; Prognosis
AIMS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is generally regarded as a risk factor for dementia, though longitudinal studies assessing the association between AF and dementia have shown inconsistent results. This study aimed to determine the effect of AF on the risk of developing dementia using a longitudinal, community-based, and stroke-free elderly cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: The association of incident AF with the development of incident dementia was assessed from 2005 to 2012 in 262 611 dementia- and stroke-free participants aged ≥60 years in the Korea National Health Insurance Service-Senior cohort. Incident AF was observed in 10 435 participants over an observational period of 1 629 903 person-years (0.64%/year). During the observational period, the incidence of dementia was 4.1 and 2.7 per 100 person-years in the incident AF and propensity score-matched AF-free groups, respectively. After adjustment, the risk of dementia was significantly increased by incident AF with a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.52 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.43-1.63], even after censoring for stroke (1.27, 95% CI 1.18-1.37). Incident AF increased the risk of both Alzheimer (HR 1.31, 95% CI 1.20-1.43) and vascular dementia (HR 2.11, 95% CI 1.85-2.41). Among patients with incident AF, oral anticoagulant use was associated with a preventive effect on dementia development (HR 0.61, 95% CI 0.54-0.68), and an increasing CHA2DS2-VASc score was associated with a higher risk of dementia. CONCLUSION: Incident AF was associated with an increased risk of dementia, independent of clinical stroke in an elderly population. Oral anticoagulant use was linked with a decreased incidence of dementia.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Tae-Hoon(김태훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4200-3456
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Yu, Hee Tae(유희태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6835-4759
Lee, Moon-Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
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