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The Effect of Perioperative Pregabalin on Pain after Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Authors
 Eun-Ah Cho  ;  Namo Kim  ;  Bora Lee  ;  Jeehyun Song  ;  Yong Seon Choi 
Citation
 Journal of Clinical Medicine, Vol.8(9) : E1426, 2019 
Journal Title
 Journal of Clinical Medicine 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
anterior cruciate ligament ; opioid consumption ; pain ; pregabalin
Abstract
Pain after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is usually intense in the early postoperative period, but the efficacy of a multimodal analgesia approach remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate the analgesic efficacy of pregabalin in multimodal analgesia after ACL reconstruction. Patients who underwent ACL reconstruction under spinal anesthesia and agreed to use intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) were randomly administered placebo (control group, n = 47) or pregabalin 150 mg (pregabalin group, n = 46) 1 h before surgery and 12 h after initial treatment. Pain by verbal numerical rating scale (VNRS) at rest and with passive flexion of knee was assessed at postoperative 12, 24, and 36 h and 2 weeks. IV-PCA consumption, rescue analgesic use, and side effects were also evaluated. Lower scores of VNRS were obtained with passive flexion of knee in the pregabalin group than in the control group at postoperative 24 (7(4-8) vs. 8(6-9), p = 0.043) and 36 h (4(3-7) vs. 5(4-9), p = 0.042), and lower value of VNRS at rest was observed in the pregabalin group [0(0-1)] than in the control group [1(0-2)] at postoperative 2 weeks (p < 0.001). No differences were obtained for IV-PCA consumption, rescue analgesic use, and side effects except for dizziness for postoperative 12 h. Pregabalin as an adjuvant to multimodal analgesic regimen significantly reduced early postoperative pain in patients undergoing ACL reconstruction.
Files in This Item:
T201903482.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/jcm8091426
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Namo(김남오) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0829-490X
Lee, Bo Ra(이보라) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7699-967X
Choi, Yong Seon(최용선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5348-864X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/171409
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