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Diagnostic Efficacy of 18F-FDG PET/MRI in Peripheral Nerve Injury Models

 Jung Woo Nam  ;  Mi Jee Lee  ;  Hyung Jun Kim 
 Neurochemical Research, Vol.44(9) : 2092-2102, 2019 
Journal Title
 Neurochemical Research 
Issue Date
18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) ; Chronic constriction injury (CCI) ; Crushing injury ; Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ; Peripheral nerve injury ; Positron emission tomography (PET)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of 18F-FDG PET/MRI in two different peripheral neuropathic pain models using the injured rat sciatic nerves. Twelve rats, with operation on left sciatic nerves, were evenly divided into three groups: sham surgery (control group), crushing injury and chronic constriction injury (CCI) (experimental groups). The nerve damage was assessed at 3 weeks postoperatively using following methods: paw withdrawal threshold values (RevWT), maximum standardized uptake values on PET/MRI images (SUVR), and counting the number of myelinated axons in proximal and distal sites of nerve injury (MAxR). The results were quantified and statistically analyzed. Compared to the control group, the crushing injury demonstrated significant differences in RevWT (p < 0.0001) and SUVR (p = 0.027) and the CCI group demonstrated significant differences in RevWT (p < 0.0001), SUVR (p = 0.001) and MAxR (p = 0.048). There were no significant differences between the two experimental groups for all assessments. Correlation analysis demonstrated that RevWT and SUVR assessments were highly correlated (r = -- 0.710, p = 0.010), and SUVR and MAxR were highly correlated (r = 0.611, p = 0.035). However, there was no significant correlation between RevWT and MAxR. The PET scan may be a valuable imaging modality to enable noninvasive, objective diagnosis of neuropathic pain caused by peripheral nerve injury. Also, MRI fused with PET may help clarify the anatomic location of soft tissue structures, including the peripheral nerves.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (구강악안면외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyung Jun(김형준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8247-4004
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