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Prediction of tumor response of rectal cancer cells via 3D cell culture and in vitro cytotoxicity assay before initiating preoperative chemoradiotherapy

 Jeonghyun Kang  ;  Min Chul Park  ;  Jina Kim  ;  Hyuk Hur  ;  Byung Soh Min  ;  Seung Hyuk Baik  ;  Kang Young Lee  ;  Nam Kyu Kim 
 Oncology Letters, Vol.18(4) : 3863-3872, 2019 
Journal Title
 Oncology Letters 
Issue Date
3D cell culture ; cytotoxicity assay ; pathologic complete response ; rectal cancer ; tumor regression grade
The aim of the present study was to investigate the utility of 3D cell culture and in vitro cytotoxicity assays, performed using cells derived from biopsies obtained prior to the initiation of preoperative chemoradiotherapy (preop-CRT), in predicting tumor response to chemoradiotherapy following preop-CRT in rectal cancer. Biopsies were obtained from 49 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer that underwent preop-CRT between August 2015 and March 2017. Tumor tissue was obtained before initiating preop-CRT. The response to chemoradiation was assessed by in vitro cytotoxicity assay following 3D cell culture and radiation treatment. The associations between the results from the cytotoxicity assay, and tumor regression grade (TRG) and yp node (ypN) positivity were investigated. Among 49 patients, 26 patients were available for analysis. Cytotoxicity ranged from 25.5-72.6% (median, 47.6%). There was no difference in cytotoxicity according to the TRGs 1-5 (P=0.940), or good tumor response (TRGs 1-2 vs. TRGs 3-5; P=0.729). However, there was a significant difference in cytotoxicity between the ypN-negative and -positive groups (53.2±14.1 and 38.7±10.1, respectively; P=0.021). Following dichotomization of patients with 45% cut-off value, the cytotoxicity assay was the only factor that predicted ypN positivity in multivariate analysis (odds ratio, 13; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-133.2; P=0.031). In conclusion, the cytotoxicity assay using the 3D cell culture method can be used to predict tumor response, particularly ypN positivity, in patients with rectal cancer who are scheduled for preop-CRT.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Jeonghyun(강정현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7311-6053
Kim, Nam Kyu(김남규) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0639-5632
Min, Byung Soh(민병소) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0180-8565
Baik, Seung Hyuk(백승혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4183-2332
Lee, Kang Young(이강영)
Hur, Hyuk(허혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9864-7229
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