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Body mass index and clinical outcomes in patients after ischaemic stroke in South Korea: a retrospective cohort study

 HeeKyoung Choi  ;  Hyo Suk Nam  ;  Euna Han 
 BMJ Open, Vol.9(8) : e028880-1-e028880-10, 2019 
Journal Title
 BMJ Open 
Issue Date
Cox proportional hazards models ; body mass index ; obesity ; stroke
OBJECTIVES: Although obesity is a risk factor for stroke, its impact on mortality in patients with stroke remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and mortality due to ischaemic stroke among adults aged 20 years and above in Korea. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A tertiary-hospital-based stroke registry linked to the death records. PARTICIPANTS: 3599 patients admitted for ischaemic stroke from January 2007 to June 2013. OUTCOME MEASURES: The HRs for all-cause and stroke-related mortality were calculated using Cox proportional hazards models. Progression from stroke-related mortality was assessed using the Fine-Grey competing risk model, treating other-cause mortality as a competing risk. Adjustments were made for age, gender, smoking status, Charlson comorbidity index, cardiovascular or non-cardiovascular comorbidities, stroke severity, severity related to other medical conditions, complications and enrolment year. We repeated the analysis with stratification based on age groups (less than 65 vs 65 years and above). RESULTS: For stroke-related mortality, there was no significant difference among the four BMI groups. The risk of all-cause mortality was 36% higher in the underweight group than in the normal weight group (long-term HR=1.36, 95% CI: 1.04 to 1.79), whereas the mortality risk of the obese group was significantly lower (HR=0.66, 95% CI: 0.54 to 0.81). Although this relationship was not estimated in the younger group, it was found that obesity had a protective effect on the all-cause mortality in the elderly (long-term HR=0.66, 95% CI: 0.52 to 0.83). CONCLUSIONS: Obesity is more likely to reduce mortality risk than normal weight, especially in elderly patients.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Nam, Hyo Suk(남효석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4415-3995
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