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Impact of tumor sidedness on survival and recurrence patterns in colon cancer patients

 Jong Min Lee  ;  Yoon Dae Han  ;  Min Soo Cho  ;  Hyuk Hur  ;  Byung Soh Min  ;  Kang Young Lee  ;  Nam Kyu Kim 
 Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research, Vol.96(6) : 296-304, 2019 
Journal Title
 Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research 
Issue Date
Colonic neoplasm ; Left ; Neoplasm recurrence, local ; Right ; Survival ; Treatment outcome
Purpose: Previous studies have reported conflicting results regarding the prognostic value of tumor sidedness in colon cancer. We investigated the oncologic impact of tumor location and examined whether recurrence patterns were related to tumor sidedness in colon cancer patients. Methods: We identified stage I-III colon adenocarcinoma patients from a prospective colorectal cancer registry at Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea, who underwent complete mesocolic excision between 2005 and 2012. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for predictors of cancer-specific survival (CSS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), and cumulative recurrence at specific anatomic sites were examined using Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. Results: Overall, 1,912 patients, 1,077 (56.3%) with left-sided colon cancer (LCC), and 835 (43.7%) with right-sided colon cancer (RCC), at a median follow-up of 59 months, were eligible and included in the study. In univariate analysis, similar 5-year CSS and RFS were observed for LCC and RCC in the total patient population, and when stratified by stage for stage I and II patients. For stage III patients, an adjusted Cox regression analysis indicated that RCC patients had a higher risk of cancer-specific mortality (HR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.07-2.86; P = 0.024) and recurrence (HR, 1.78; 95% CI, 1.22-2.60; P = 0.003). Furthermore, RCC was an independent predictor of peritoneal recurrence (HR, 1.86; 95% CI, 1.05-3.29; P = 0.031) in stage III patients. Conclusion: RCC correlated with worse CSS and RFS than LCC. In stage III patients, RCC correlated with increased risk of peritoneal recurrence. The reasons for these differences remain to be investigated.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Nam Kyu(김남규) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0639-5632
Min, Byung Soh(민병소) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0180-8565
Lee, Kang Young(이강영)
Lee, Jong Min(이종민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1654-1533
Cho, Min Soo(조민수)
Han, Yoon Dae(한윤대) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2136-3578
Hur, Hyuk(허혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9864-7229
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