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Somatic mosaic truncating mutations of PPM1D in blood can result from expansion of a mutant clone under selective pressure of chemotherapy

 Borahm Kim  ;  Dongju Won  ;  Seung-Tae Lee  ;  Jong Rak Choi 
 PLoS One, Vol.14(6) : e0217521, 2019 
Journal Title
 PLoS One 
Issue Date
BACKGROUND: PPM1D (Protein phosphatase magnesium-dependent 1δ) is known as a damage response regulator, a part of the p53 negative feedback loop. Truncating mutations of PPM1D, resulting in overexpression, are frequently found in the blood of patients with breast or ovarian cancer. To identify whether the PPM1D mutation predisposes patients to such cancers or if it results from the cancer and therapy, somatic PPM1D mutations in association with previous cancer and chemotherapy need to be explored. METHODS: We performed next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis of blood samples from patients suspected to have hereditary cancer. We grouped the patients according to their diagnoses and history of chemotherapy. For the patients with PPM1D mutations in blood, tumor tissue specimens were examined for the PPM1D mutation using conventional sequencing. RESULTS: A total of 1,195 patients, including 719 patients with breast cancer and 240 with ovarian cancer, were tested, and four (~0.3%) had the truncating mutation in PPM1D. All truncating mutations were in exon 6, in mosaic form, with a mean allele fraction of 11.15%. While 395 out of the 1,195 patients had undergone chemotherapy, the four with the truncating mutation had a history of cisplatin-based chemotherapy. No corresponding mutations were identified in the tumor tissues. CONCLUSIONS: We investigated the frequency of the somatic mosaic PPM1D mutation, in patients with breast or ovarian cancer, which is suggested to be low and related to a history of cisplatin-based chemotherapy. It may be a marker of previous exposure to selective pressure for cells with an impaired DNA damage response.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Borahm(김보람) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0923-7744
Won, Dongju(원동주)
Lee, Seung-Tae(이승태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1047-1415
Choi, Jong Rak(최종락) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0608-2989
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