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Glucose to Lymphocyte Ratio as a Prognostic Marker in Patients With Resected pT2 Gallbladder Cancer

 Jonathan Navarro  ;  Incheon Kang  ;  Ho Kyoung Hwang  ;  Dong Sup Yoon  ;  Woo Jung Lee  ;  Chang Moo Kang 
 Journal of Surgical Research, Vol.240 : 17-29, 2019 
Journal Title
 Journal of Surgical Research 
Issue Date
Gallbladder cancer ; Glucose to lymphocytes ratio ; Prognostic factor
BACKGROUND: We designed a clinical application of glucose to lymphocyte ratio (GLR) as it might be a sensitive parameter to determine the glucose metabolism and behavior of the cancer (i.e., its aggressiveness), and the immunologic status of a patient with cancer. Thus, we investigated the association of GLR with the overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of patients with T2 gallbladder (GB) cancer after curative-intent surgery. METHODS: The medical records of patients with T2 GB cancer who underwent surgery were retrospectively reviewed. The clinicopathologic characteristics, preoperative complete blood counts, fasting blood glucose, albumin, cholesterol, and follow-up information were collected. RESULTS: A total of 197 patients were included in the study. In multivariate analysis, high GLR (>69.3) was associated with poor OS (HR = 15.249, 95% CI: 4.090-56.849, P = 0.0001) along with R1 status (HR = 1.755, 95% CI: 0.033-0.910, P = 0.033), >3 metastatic lymph nodes (HR = 2.809, 95% CI: 1.403-5.625; P = 0.004), and lymphovascular invasion (HR = 8.041, 95% CI: 2.881-22.442; P = 0.0001). Moreover, high GLR (HR = 3.666, 95% CI: 1.145-11.737, P = 0.029), adjuvant chemotherapy (HR = 6.306, 95% CI: 1.921-20.699; P = 0.002), lymphovascular invasion (HR = 5.464, 95% CI: 1.783-16.746; P = 0.003), and high-grade tumor (HR = 2.143, 95% CI: 1.042-4.407; P = 0.038) were independently associated with DFS. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative GLR is an independent predictor of OS and DFS in T2 GB cancer. Further studies are required to validate these findings.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Chang Moo(강창무) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5382-4658
Yoon, Dong Sup(윤동섭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6444-9606
Lee, Woo Jung(이우정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9273-261X
Hwang, Ho Kyoung(황호경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4064-7776
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