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Effects of Positive End-Expiratory Pressure on Pulmonary Oxygenation and Biventricular Function during One-Lung Ventilation: A Randomized Crossover Study

 Namo Kim  ;  Su Hyun Lee  ;  Kwan Woong Choi  ;  Haeyeon Lee  ;  Young Jun Oh 
 Journal of Clinical Medicine, Vol.8(5) : E740, 2019 
Journal Title
 Journal of Clinical Medicine 
Issue Date
biventricular function ;  one-lung ventilation ;  positive end-expiratory pressure ;  pulmonary oxygenation
Although the application of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) can alter cardiopulmonary physiology during one-lung ventilation (OLV), these changes have not been clearly elucidated. This study assessed the effects of different levels of PEEP on biventricular function, as well as pulmonary oxygenation during OLV. Thirty-six lung cancer patients received one PEEP combination of six sequences, consisting of 0 (PEEP_0), 5 (PEEP_5), and 10 cmH2O (PEEP_10), using a crossover design during OLV. The ratio of arterial oxygen partial pressure to inspired oxygen fraction (P/F ratio), systolic and diastolic echocardiographic parameters were measured at 20 min after the first, second, and third PEEP. P/F ratio at PEEP_5 was significantly higher compared to PEEP_0 (p = 0.014), whereas the P/F ratio at PEEP_10 did not show significant differences compared to PEEP_0 or PEEP_5. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LV EF) and right ventricular fractional area change (RV FAC) at PEEP_10 (EF, p < 0.001; FAC, p = 0.001) were significantly lower compared to PEEP_0 or PEEP_5. RV E/E' (p = 0.048) and RV myocardial performance index (p < 0.001) at PEEP_10 were significantly higher than those at PEEP_0 or PEEP_5. In conclusion, increasing PEEP to 10 cmH2O decreased biventricular function, especially on RV function, with no further improvement on oxygenation compared to PEEP 5 cmH2O during OLV.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Namo(김남오) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0829-490X
Oh, Young Jun(오영준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6258-5695
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