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MPK-1/ERK is required for the full activity of resveratrol in extended lifespan and reproduction

 Dong Suk Yoon  ;  Dong Seok Cha  ;  Yoorim Choi  ;  Jin Woo Lee  ;  Myon‐Hee Lee 
 AGING CELL, Vol.18(1) : e12867, 2019 
Journal Title
Issue Date
ERK/MPK-1 ; SKN-1/NRF2 ; Sirtuin/SIR-2.1 ; longevity ; reproductive span ;  resveratrol
Resveratrol (RSV) extends the lifespan of various organisms through activation of sirtuin. However, whether RSV-mediated longevity is entirely dependent upon sirtuin is still controversial. Thus, understanding additional mechanisms concerning the genetic requirements for the biological activity of RSV needs to be clarified to utilize the beneficial effects of RSV. In this study using Caenorhabditis elegans as a model system, we found that MPK-1 (an ERK homolog) signaling is necessarily required for RSV-mediated longevity of sir-2.1/sirtuin mutants as well as for wild-type worms. We demonstrated that MPK-1 contributes to RSV-mediated longevity through nuclear accumulation of SKN-1 in a SIR-2.1/DAF-16 pathway-independent manner. The positive effect of RSV in regulating lifespan was completely abolished by RNA interference against mpk-1 in the sir-2.1 and daf-16 mutants, strongly indicating that the MPK-1/SKN-1 pathway is involved in RSV-mediated longevity, independently of SIR-2.1/DAF-16. We additionally found that RSV protected worms from oxidative stress via MPK-1. In addition to organismal aging, RSV prevented the age-associated loss of mitotic germ cells, brood size, and reproductive span through MPK-1 in C. elegans germline. Therefore, our findings not only provide new mechanistic insight into the controversial effects of RSV on organismal longevity, but additionally have important implications in utilizing RSV to improve the outcome of aging-related diseases.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Jin Woo(이진우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0293-9017
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