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Predictive Factors and Oncologic Outcome of Downgrade to Pathologic Gleason Score 6⁻7 after Radical Prostatectomy in Patients with Biopsy Gleason Score 8⁻10

 Doo Yong Chung  ;  Jong Soo Lee  ;  Hyeok Jun Goh  ;  Dong Hoon Koh  ;  Min Seok Kim  ;  Won Sik Jang  ;  Young Deuk Choi 
Journal Title
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gleason score ; magnetic resonance imaging ; prostatic neopla는
Gleason score (GS) 8⁻10 is associated with adverse outcomes in prostate cancer (PCa). However, biopsy GS (bGS) may be upgraded or downgraded post-radical prostatectomy (RP). We aimed to investigate predictive factors and oncologic outcomes of downgrade to pathologic GS (pGS) 6⁻7 after RP in PCa patients with bGSs 8⁻10. We retrospectively reviewed clinical data of patients with bGS ≥ 8 undergoing RP. pGS downgrade was defined as a pGS ≤ 7 from bGS ≥ 8 post-RP. Univariate and multivariate cox regression analysis, logistic regression analysis, and Kaplan⁻Meier curves were used to analyze pGS downgrade and biochemical recurrence (BCR). Of 860 patients, 623 and 237 had bGS 8 and bGS ≥ 9, respectively. Post-RP, 332 patients were downgraded to pGS ≤ 7; of these, 284 and 48 had bGS 8 and bGS ≥ 9, respectively. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels; clinical stage; and adverse pathologic features such as extracapsular extension, seminal vesicle invasion and positive surgical margin were significantly different between patients with pGS ≤ 7 and pGS ≥ 8. Furthermore, bGS 8 (odds ratio (OR): 0.349, p < 0.001), PSA level < 10 ng/mL (OR: 0.634, p = 0.004), and ≤cT3a (OR: 0.400, p < 0.001) were identified as significant predictors of pGS downgrade. pGS downgrade was a significant positive predictor of BCR following RP in patients with high bGS (vs. pGS 8, hazard radio (HR): 1.699, p < 0.001; vs. pGS ≥ 9, HR: 1.765, p < 0.001). In addition, the 5-year BCR-free survival rate in patients with pGS downgrade significantly differed from that in patients with bGS 8 and ≥ 9 (52.9% vs. 40.7%, p < 0.001). Among patients with bGS ≥ 8, those with bGS 8, PSA level < 10 ng/mL, and ≤cT3a may achieve pGS downgrade after RP. These patients may have fewer adverse pathologic features and show a favorable prognosis; thus we suggest that active treatment is needed in these patients. In addition, patients with high-grade bGS should be managed aggressively, even if they show pGS downgrade.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Urology (비뇨의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Jong Soo(이종수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9984-1138
Jang, Won Sik(장원식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9082-0381
Chung, Doo Yong(정두용)
Choi, Young Deuk(최영득) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8545-5797
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