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Associations of socioeconomic and religious factors with health: a population-based, comparison study between China and Korea using the 2010 East Asian social survey

Authors
 Roeul Kim  ;  Woojin Chung 
Citation
 BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol.19(1) : 35, 2019 
Journal Title
 BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 
Issue Date
2019
MeSH
Adult ; Aged ; China ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Religion* ; Republic of Korea ; Social Determinants of Health* ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Young Adult
Keywords
China ; Cross-national comparison ; Korea ; Religion ; Self-rated health ; Socioeconomic factors
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Cross-national comparisons of the associations of socioeconomic and religious factors with health can facilitate our understanding of differences in health determinants between countries and the development of policies to reduce health differentials appropriate to each country. However, very few such studies have been conducted in East Asia. METHODS: This study set out to compare the associations of socioeconomic and religious factors with health in China and Korea using the 2010 East Asian Social Survey, which was based on nationally representative samples. The study participants included 4980 individuals, 3629 in China and 1351 in Korea, aged ≥20 years. The dependent variable, individuals' self-rated health, was categorized into poor, good, and excellent. Socioeconomic (education, employment, household income, and self-assessed social class) and religious factors (affiliation) were used as independent variables of interest. A multinomial logistic regression was performed with and without adjustments for factors such as demographics, health-related risks, the health system, and social capital. RESULTS: According to the results, China had a higher proportion of individuals who reported excellent health than did Korea (57.4% vs. 52.0%). After adjusting for all studied confounders, we found that the employment, household income, and social class gradient in health were significant in China, whereas the education and religion gradients in health were significant in Korea. For example, the odds ratio for poor health versus excellent health among those in the highest social class was 0.47 (95% CI, 0.27-0.84), compared to that of people in the lowest social class in China; and this odds ratio in people with college education or higher was 0.28 (95% CI, 0.14-0.59) compared to that of people with elementary school education or lower in Korea. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate the important role of socioeconomic and religious factors in health in China and Korea as well as clear differences in this regard. Further cross-national studies are needed to provide a better understanding of the relationship between socioeconomic and religious factors and health and to draft appropriate health improvement policies in both countries.
Files in This Item:
T201901575.pdf Download
DOI
10.1186/s12889-018-6380-y
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chung, Woo Jin(정우진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2090-4851
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/169964
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