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Transient and Adult Patients with Neurologic Diseases in the Pediatric Emergency Department: Trends and Characteristics

 Ji-Hoon Na  ;  Young-Mock Lee 
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROLOGY, Vol.15(2) : 191-204, 2019 
Journal Title
Issue Date
adult ; emergency department ; neurologic patient ; pediatric neurology ; pediatrics ; transient
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is an increasing rate of presentations by transient and adult patients (TAPs) to pediatric emergency departments (PED-EDs). TAPs with neurologic diseases (N-TAPs) comprise most of these patients. We investigated this trend and compared the characteristics of N-TAPs with those of pediatric patients with neurologic diseases (N-PEDs) who presented to the PED-ED of a tertiary-care hospital in Korea.

METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of neurologic patients who presented to the PED-ED of a single tertiary-care hospital from 2013 to 2017. We included patients with neurologic symptoms or diseases and those who were treated in the pediatric neurology department and underwent neurologic evaluations and treatment in the PED-ED.

RESULTS: Presentations by N-TAPs to the PED-ED increased over time, whereas the number of N-PEDs gradually decreased, with a significant difference between the groups (p<0.001). The number of N-TAPs who presented to the PED-ED almost tripled from 2013 to 2017. N-TAPs had significantly more acute symptoms than N-PEDs, and a significantly higher proportion of N-TAPs were insured by Medical Aid compared to N-PEDs (p<0.001). The admission rate was significantly higher (p<0.001) and the mean hospital stay was longer (p=0.046) for N-TAPs. Epilepsy and neurometabolic diseases were mainly responsible for the increased presentations by N-TAPs.

CONCLUSIONS: We have clarified the status of N-TAPs in the PED-ER and the role of pediatric neurologists who manage them. Multidisciplinary treatments focusing on the role of pediatric neurologists should be developed to that systematic long-term care plans are applied to N-TAPs.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Na, Ji Hoon(나지훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3051-2010
Lee, Young Mock(이영목) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5838-249X
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