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Relationship between Self-Esteem and Self-Consciousness in Adolescents: An Eye-Tracking Study

Authors
 Eun Seong Kim  ;  Yeon-Ju Hong  ;  Minwoo Kim  ;  Eun Joo Kim  ;  Jae-Jin Kim 
Citation
 PSYCHIATRY INVESTIGATION, Vol.16(4) : 306-313, 2019 
Journal Title
 PSYCHIATRY INVESTIGATION 
ISSN
 1738-3684 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Adolescence ; Eye-tracking ; Facial emotions ; Self-consciousness ; Self-esteem
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Self-esteem and self-consciousness are important determinants of behaviors. This study aimed to explore the relationship between self-esteem and self-consciousness in adolescents using the eye-tracking measurement. METHODS: Fifty-five adolescents with high self-esteem and 58 adolescents with low self-esteem participated in self-consciousness-related eye-tracking experiments of selecting happy, disgusted, and angry facial emotions while recognizing one's own usual expressions and the others' usual expressions toward oneself. RESULTS: When recognizing one's own, adolescents with high self-esteem showed significantly more selection counts and longer fixation time for 'happy' than adolescents with low self-esteem. When recognizing the others', adolescents with low self-esteem showed significantly more selection counts and longer fixation time for 'disgusted' and 'angry' than adolescents with high self-esteem. CONCLUSION: These suggest higher self-esteem is connected to more positive identification of one's usual expressions and others' usual expressions toward oneself. There is a close relationship among low self-esteem, suppressing positive emotions, decreased psychological adjustment, and increased negative emotions.
Files in This Item:
T201901426.pdf Download
DOI
10.30773/pi.2019.02.10.3
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jae Jin(김재진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1395-4562
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/169885
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