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Safety and feasibility of in-hospital early chemotherapy initiation after surgery in patients with stage II-IV colon cancer

Authors
 Jeonghyun Kang  ;  Su-Weon Chong  ;  Eun Jung Park  ;  Seung Hyuk Baik  ;  Kang Young Lee 
Citation
 MEDICINE, Vol.98(18) : e15371, 2019 
Journal Title
 MEDICINE 
ISSN
 0025-7974 
Issue Date
2019
MeSH
Age Factors ; Aged ; Body Mass Index ; Chemotherapy, Adjuvant/methods* ; Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy* ; Colonic Neoplasms/surgery* ; Female ; Humans ; Logistic Models ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Neoplasm Staging ; Retrospective Studies ; Sex Factors ; Time Factors ; Time-to-Treatment
Abstract
Although it is recommended to initiate postoperative chemotherapy for colon cancer within 8 weeks after surgery, the feasibility and impact of initiating chemotherapy before discharge after surgical resection has not been investigated.Patients with stage II-IV colon cancer who received postoperative chemotherapy were dichotomized into early (chemotherapy initiation before discharge) and control (chemotherapy initiation after discharge) groups. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to determine factors associated with delayed chemotherapy, defined as more than 6 or 8 weeks after surgery.From January 2004 to December 2012, of 729 patients with stage II-IV colon adenocarcinoma, 555 patients (76.1%) underwent postoperative chemotherapy. Of them, 181 (32.6%) patients were included in the early group. Time to initiation of chemotherapy was significantly shorter in the early group than in the control group (14.9 days vs 31.5 days, P < . 001). Multivariate analysis revealed that tumor stage and chemotherapy initiation strategy (odds ratio 8.4; 95% confidence interval, 1-66, P = .041) were independent predictors of delayed initiation of chemotherapy at more than 8 weeks. There was no difference in the completion rate of planned chemotherapy cycles between the 2 groups (P > .05).The strategy of initiating chemotherapy before discharge after surgery is safe and feasible and might reduce the potential delay in chemotherapy initiation in patients with colon cancer.
Files in This Item:
T201901400.pdf Download
DOI
10.1097/MD.0000000000015371
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Jeonghyun(강정현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7311-6053
Park, Eun Jung(박은정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4559-2690
Baik, Seung Hyuk(백승혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4183-2332
Lee, Kang Young(이강영)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/169868
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