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Safety and feasibility of in-hospital early chemotherapy initiation after surgery in patients with stage II-IV colon cancer

 Jeonghyun Kang  ;  Su-Weon Chong  ;  Eun Jung Park  ;  Seung Hyuk Baik  ;  Kang Young Lee 
 MEDICINE, Vol.98(18) : e15371, 2019 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Age Factors ; Aged ; Body Mass Index ; Chemotherapy, Adjuvant/methods* ; Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy* ; Colonic Neoplasms/surgery* ; Female ; Humans ; Logistic Models ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Neoplasm Staging ; Retrospective Studies ; Sex Factors ; Time Factors ; Time-to-Treatment
Although it is recommended to initiate postoperative chemotherapy for colon cancer within 8 weeks after surgery, the feasibility and impact of initiating chemotherapy before discharge after surgical resection has not been investigated.Patients with stage II-IV colon cancer who received postoperative chemotherapy were dichotomized into early (chemotherapy initiation before discharge) and control (chemotherapy initiation after discharge) groups. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to determine factors associated with delayed chemotherapy, defined as more than 6 or 8 weeks after surgery.From January 2004 to December 2012, of 729 patients with stage II-IV colon adenocarcinoma, 555 patients (76.1%) underwent postoperative chemotherapy. Of them, 181 (32.6%) patients were included in the early group. Time to initiation of chemotherapy was significantly shorter in the early group than in the control group (14.9 days vs 31.5 days, P < . 001). Multivariate analysis revealed that tumor stage and chemotherapy initiation strategy (odds ratio 8.4; 95% confidence interval, 1-66, P = .041) were independent predictors of delayed initiation of chemotherapy at more than 8 weeks. There was no difference in the completion rate of planned chemotherapy cycles between the 2 groups (P > .05).The strategy of initiating chemotherapy before discharge after surgery is safe and feasible and might reduce the potential delay in chemotherapy initiation in patients with colon cancer.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Jeonghyun(강정현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7311-6053
Park, Eun Jung(박은정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4559-2690
Baik, Seung Hyuk(백승혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4183-2332
Lee, Kang Young(이강영)
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