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Secondhand Smoke and CKD

Authors
 Jong Hyun Jhee  ;  Young Su Joo  ;  Youn Kyung Kee  ;  Su-Young Jung  ;  Seohyun Park  ;  Chang-Yun Yoon  ;  Seung Hyeok Han  ;  Tae-Hyun Yoo  ;  Shin-Wook Kang  ;  Jung Tak Park 
Citation
 CLINICAL JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY, Vol.14(4) : 515-522, 2019 
Journal Title
 CLINICAL JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY 
ISSN
 1555-9041 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Confidence Intervals ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Epidemiologic Studies ; Follow-Up Studies ; Odds Ratio ; Prevalence ; Renal Insufficiency, Chronic ; Risk ; Smokers ; Smoking ; Tobacco Smoke Pollution ; chronic kidney disease ; clinical epidemiology ; glomerular filtration rate ; risk factors
Abstract
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Active smoking is associated with higher risk of various diseases. However, the risk of CKD development in nonsmokers exposed to secondhand smoke is not well elucidated. We aimed to investigate the association between secondhand smoke exposure and the risk of CKD development among never-smokers. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: A total of 131,196 never-smokers with normal kidney function, who participated in the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study from 2001 to 2014, were analyzed. The participants were classified into three groups on the basis of frequency of secondhand smoke exposure, assessed with survey questionnaires; no exposure, <3 days per week, and ≥3 days per week. The association between secondhand smoke and CKD, defined as eGFR<60 ml/min per 1.73 m2, was examined in the cross-sectional analysis. In addition, the risk of incident CKD development was analyzed in a longitudinal cohort of 1948 participants without CKD at baseline, which was a subset of the main cohort. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 53 years, and 75% were women. Prevalent CKD was observed in 231 (1.8%), 64 (1.7%), and 2280 (2.0%) participants in the ≥3 days per week, <3 days per week, and no exposure groups. The odds ratio (OR) of prevalent CKD was significantly higher in the groups exposed to secondhand smoke than the no exposure group (<3 days per week: OR, 1.72; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.30 to 2.27; and ≥3 days per week: OR, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.22 to 1.70). During a mean follow-up of 104 months, CKD occurred in 319 (16%) participants. Multivariable Cox analysis revealed that the risk for CKD development was higher in participants exposed to secondhand smoke than the no exposure group (<3 days per week: hazard ratio, 1.59; 95% CI, 0.96 to 2.65; and ≥3 days per week: hazard ratio, 1.66; 95% CI, 1.03 to 2.67). CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to secondhand smoke was associated with a higher prevalence of CKD as well as development of incident CKD.
Full Text
https://cjasn.asnjournals.org/content/14/4/515.long
DOI
10.2215/CJN.09540818
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Shin Wook(강신욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5677-4756
Park, Seo Hyun(박서현)
Park, Jung Tak(박정탁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2325-8982
Yoo, Tae Hyun(유태현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9183-4507
Jung, Su Young(정수영)
Joo, Young Su(주영수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7890-0928
Han, Seung Hyeok(한승혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7923-5635
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/169415
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