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Effect of Perioperative Antiplatelet Therapy on Outcomes in Patients With Drug-Eluting Stents Undergoing Elective Noncardiac Surgery.

Authors
 Sung-Jin Hong  ;  Min-Ji Kim  ;  Jung-Sun Kim  ;  Eun Hwa Kim  ;  Jinae Lee  ;  Chul-Min Ahn  ;  Byeong-Keuk Kim  ;  Young-Guk Ko  ;  Donghoon Choi  ;  Myeong-Ki Hong  ;  Yangsoo Jang 
Citation
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, Vol.123(9) : 1414-1421, 2019 
Journal Title
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY 
ISSN
 0002-9149 
Issue Date
2019
Abstract
We investigated the association of perioperative antiplatelet therapy (APT) and outcomes in patients with drug-eluting stent (DES) placement for noncardiac surgery (NCS). In consecutive 23,358 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary interventions between 2005 and 2016, total of 2,179 patients that required 2,179 elective NCS after DES placement were retrospectively analyzed. A net adverse clinical event (NACE), composite of death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and major bleeding, was assessed at 30 days. Of 2,179 patients, 937 patients (43%) underwent NCS with discontinuation of APT. For overall, NACE occurred in 10 patients who discontinued APT (1.1%) and 22 patients who continued APT (1.8%) without significant differences (hazard ratio [HR] 0.60, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.28 to 1.27, p = 0.182). Also, adjusted NACE event rates were not different between groups for overall NCSs (adjusted HR 0.76, 95% CI 0.38 to 1.52, p = 0.440), for NCSs >1, ≤12 months after DES, and for NCSs >12 months after DES. Our findings persisted (adjusted HR 1.26, 95% CI 0.51 to 3.10, p = 0.618) when those who continued dual-APT were excluded from the continuation of APT group due to a higher tendency of NACE compared with those who continued single-APT (adjusted HR 2.26, 95% CI 0.98 to 5.21, p = 0.055). However, the patients who discontinued APT for >7 days had a significantly higher NACE than those who discontinued for ≤7 days (adjusted HR 6.93, 95% CI 2.16 to 22.24, p = 0.001). In conclusion, discontinuation of APT may not be associated with higher NACEs 30 days postsurgery compared with continuation of APT, when APT was discontinued for ≤7 days in patients undergoing elective NCS after DES implantation.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0002914919301638
DOI
10.1016/j.amjcard.2019.02.004
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Min-Ji(김민지)
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hong, Myeong Ki(홍명기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-2031
Hong, Sung Jin(홍성진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4893-039X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/169364
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