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Lower serum beta-2 microglobulin levels are associated with worse survival in incident peritoneal dialysis patients.

Authors
 Tae Ik Chang  ;  Hyunsun Lim  ;  Cheol Ho Park  ;  Kyoung Sook Park  ;  Jung Tak Park  ;  Ea Wha Kang  ;  Tae-Hyun Yoo  ;  Shin-Wook Kang  ;  Seung Hyeok Han 
Citation
 NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION, Vol.34(1) : 138-145, 2019 
Journal Title
 NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION 
ISSN
 0931-0509 
Issue Date
2019
Abstract
Background: There is a general consensus that elevated serum beta-2 microglobulin (B2M) levels measured at a single time-point are significantly associated with mortality in patients on maintenance dialysis. To date, the majority of prior studies that have examined B2M-associated mortality have been conducted in prevalent hemodialysis patients with little residual renal function (RRF). However, studies in incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are lacking. Moreover, changes in serum B2M levels over time have not been considered in this population. Methods: We examined the association of time-updated and baseline serum B2M levels with mortality in a 10-year cohort of 725 incident PD patients who were maintained on dialysis between January 2006 and December 2011 using Cox proportional hazards regression analyses. Patients were categorized into tertiles according to B2M levels. Results: During a median follow-up of 38 (interquartile range 23-64) months, 258 (35.4%) deaths occurred, including 106 (14.6%) and 86 (11.9%) deaths from cardiovascular and infectious causes, respectively. The lowest B2M tertile was associated with a higher risk of all-cause and infectious mortality compared with the middle tertile: the hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) for all-cause deaths were 2.12 (1.38-3.26) and 2.20 (0.96-5.05) in time-varying analyses and 1.52 (1.07-2.17) and 2.41 (1.19-4.88) in baseline analyses. Subgroup analyses showed that this association was particularly observed in females, older patients, those with comorbidities such as diabetes, a lower body mass index, lower albumin levels or those with higher RRF (all P for interactions <0.05). Conclusions: In incident PD patients, lower B2M levels were independently associated with overall and infectious mortality. These associations can be potentially modified by malnutrition, inflammation and RRF.
Full Text
https://academic.oup.com/ndt/article/34/1/138/5046025
DOI
10.1093/ndt/gfy193
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Shin Wook(강신욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5677-4756
Park, Jung Tak(박정탁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2325-8982
Yoo, Tae Hyun(유태현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9183-4507
Han, Seung Hyeok(한승혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7923-5635
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/167435
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