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Spiritual Well-being Among Palliative Care Patients With Different Religious Affiliations: A Multicenter Korean Study

Authors
 Seok Joon Yoon  ;  Sang-Yeon Suh  ;  Sun Hyun Kim  ;  Jeanno Park  ;  Yu Jung Kim  ;  Beodeul Kang  ;  Youngmin Park  ;  Jung Hye Kwon  ;  Kwonoh Park  ;  Dong Wook Shin  ;  Hyeon Jeong Kim  ;  Hong-Yup Ahn  ;  David Hui 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF PAIN AND SYMPTOM MANAGEMENT, Vol.56(6) : 893-901, 2018 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF PAIN AND SYMPTOM MANAGEMENT 
ISSN
 0885-3924 
Issue Date
2018
Keywords
Spirituality ; cancer ; palliative care ; religiosity
Abstract
CONTEXT: Spiritual well-being (SWB) is very important in palliative care patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the SWB among palliative care patients in Korea with different religious affiliations and to identify the correlates of SWB. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional, multicenter study involving hospitalized patients seen by palliative care teams. We collected data on basic clinicodemographic characteristics, factors related to religion (meaningful religious events, religious activities such as attending worship, individual spiritual activities such as prayer), overall quality of life, and SWB. SWB was measured using Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spirituality 12. We examined the differences in SWB among patients who reported themselves as Protestants, Catholics, Buddhists, and having no religious affiliations. RESULTS: Among the 202 patients enrolled, 69 (34.2%), 48 (23.8%), 43 (21.3%), and 42 (20.8%) persons were Protestants, were Catholics, were Buddhists, and had no religious affiliation, respectively. The Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spirituality 12 was highest among Protestants, followed by Catholics, Buddhists, and those without religious affiliation (29.8 vs. 27.0 vs. 23.2 vs. 16.3, P < 0.001). The faith subscale (12.4 vs. 10.4 vs. 7.7 vs. 2.5, P < 0.001) showed similar distributions. Christians reported higher SWB in the meaning and the peace subscale than patients without a religious affiliation. In the multivariate analysis, religious affiliation (P < 0.001), individual spiritual activities (P < 0.001), and quality of life (P < 0.001) were significantly related to a greater SWB. Age was inversely associated with the meaning subscale (P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Although faith practices may be particularly helpful to improve spiritual well-being among Christians, further research is needed to determine what individual spiritual activities can support non-Christians.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0885392418304512
DOI
10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2018.09.001
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Beodeul(강버들) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5177-8937
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/167425
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