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Three-dimensional analysis of the anterior loop of the inferior alveolar nerve in relation to the growth pattern of the mandibular functional subunit

 Seungkyu Yoon  ;  Jae-Young Kim  ;  Cheol-Hee Jeong  ;  Jengbin Park  ;  Jong-Ki Huh  ;  Kwang-Ho Park 
 Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Vol.40(1) : 30, 2018 
Journal Title
 Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 
Issue Date
Chin ; Chin repositioning ; Computed tomography ; Genioplasty ; Mandibular nerve
Background: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the differences in the position and shape of the anterior loop of the inferior alveolar nerve (ALIAN) in relation to the growth pattern of the mandibular functional subunit. Methods: The study was conducted on 56 patients among those who had undergone orthognathic surgery at the Gangnam Severance Hospital between January 2010 and December 2015. Preoperative computerized tomography (CT) images were analyzed using the Simplant OMS software (ver.14.0 Materialise Medical, Leuven, Belgium). The anterior and inferior lengths of ALIAN (dAnt and dInf) and each length of the mandibular functional subunits were measured. The relationship between dAnt, dInf, and the growth pattern of the mandibular subunits was analyzed. Results: The length of the anterior portion of ALIAN (dAnt) reached 3.34 ± 1.59 mm in prognathism and 1.00 ± 0.97 mm in retrognathism. The length of the inferior portion of ALIAN (dInf) reached 6.81 ± 1.33 mm in prognathism and 5.56 ± 1.34 mm in retrognathism. The analysis of Pearson's correlation coefficiency on all samples showed that the lengths of functional subunits were positively correlated with the loop depth. The length of the symphysis area in prognathic patients was positively correlated with the anterior loop depth (p = 0.005). Conclusions: Both the anterior and inferior length of ALIAN are longer in prognathic patients. Especially, it seems to be associated with the growth of the symphysis area.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (구강악안면외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jae Young(김재영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9423-438X
Park, Kwang Ho(박광호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1942-2986
Jeong, Cheol-Hee(정철희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1260-076X
Huh, Jong Ki(허종기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7381-3972
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