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Evaluation of various kinetic parameters of CA-125 in patients with advanced-stage ovarian cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

 Yong Jae Lee  ;  In Ha Lee  ;  Yun-Ji Kim  ;  Young Shin Chung  ;  Jung-Yun Lee*  ;  Eun Ji Nam  ;  Sunghoon Kim  ;  Sang Wun Kim  ;  Young Tae Kim 
 PLOS ONE, Vol.13(9) : e0203366, 2018 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Various kinetic parameters of serum CA-125 have been reported to have better correlation with outcomes for patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). This study aimed to compare the available kinetic parameters of serum CA-125 in an external cohort of advanced-stage ovarian cancer. Using the cancer registry databases from the Yonsei Cancer Hospital, we retrospectively reviewed 210 patients with advanced-stage ovarian cancer, treated with NAC followed by interval debulking surgery. We compared area under the receiver-operating characteristics curves (AUCs), false negative rate, and negative predictive value (NPV) using 10 different models for optimal cytoreduction and platinum resistance. In addition, we compared incremental AUC for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). No gross residual tumor was observed in 37.0% and residual tumors <1 cm in 82.2% of patients. No model using CA-125 kinetic parameters had an AUC higher than >0.6 for predicting optimal cytoreduction. After adjusting for age, BMI, disease stage, and histologic subtypes, all models had an AUC >0.70 for predicting platinum resistance. However, no model had a high enough NPV (highest value = 82.0%) to avoid chemotherapy futility. For survival outcomes, no model had an incremental AUC >0.70 for predicting either PFS or OS. None of the proposed serum CA-125 kinetic parameters showed high accuracy in predicting optimal cytoreduction, platinum resistance, or survival in patients receiving NAC. For advanced-stage ovarian cancer treated with NAC, there is a need to discover reliable biomarkers to better stratify patient response groups for optimal treatment decision-making
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology (산부인과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sang Wun(김상운) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8342-8701
Kim, Sung Hoon(김성훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1645-7473
Kim, Young Tae(김영태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7347-1052
Nam, Eun Ji(남은지)
Lee, Yong Jae(이용재) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0297-3116
Lee, Inha(이인하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4869-6281
Lee, Jung-Yun(이정윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7948-1350
Chung, Young Shin(정영신)
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