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Metabolic Alterations Associated with Atorvastatin/Fenofibric Acid Combination in Patients with Atherogenic Dyslipidaemia: A Randomized Trial for Comparison with Escalated-Dose Atorvastatin

 Ji Soo Han  ;  Kyu Kim  ;  Youngae Jung  ;  Jae-Hwan Lee  ;  June Namgung  ;  Hae-Young Lee  ;  Jon Suh  ;  Geum-Sook Hwang  ;  Sang-Hak Lee 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.8(1) : 14642, 2018 
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In the current study, the metabolic effects of atorvastatin dose escalation versus atorvastatin/fenofibric acid combination were compared using metabolomics analyses. Men and women with combined hyperlipidaemia were initially prescribed atorvastatin (10 mg, ≥4 weeks). Patients who reached low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol targets, but had triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels ≥150 mg/dL and <50 mg/dL, respectively, were randomized to receive atorvastatin 20 mg or atorvastatin 10 mg/fenofibric acid 135 mg for 12 weeks. Metabolite profiling of serum was performed and changes in metabolites after drug treatment in the two groups were compared. Analysis was performed using patients' samples obtained before and after treatment. Of 89 screened patients, 37 who met the inclusion criteria were randomized, and 34 completed the study. Unlike that in the dose-escalation group, distinct clustering of both lipid and aqueous metabolites was observed in the combination group after treatment. Most lipid metabolites of acylglycerols and many of ceramides decreased, while many of sphingomyelins increased in the combination group. Atorvastatin dose escalation modestly decreased lysophosphatidylcholines; however, the effect of combination therapy was variable. Most aqueous metabolites decreased, while L-carnitine remarkably increased in the combination group. In conclusion, the atorvastatin/fenofibric acid combination induced distinct metabolite clustering. Our results provide comprehensive information regarding metabolic changes beyond conventional lipid profiles for this combination therapy.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyu(김규)
Lee, Sang Hak(이상학) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4535-3745
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