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Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants have better efficacy and equivalent safety compared to warfarin in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

 In-Soo Kim  ;  Hyun-Jung Kim  ;  Tae-Hoon Kim  ;  Jae-Sun Uhm  ;  Boyoung Joung  ;  Moon-Hyoung Lee  ;  Hui-Nam Pak 
 JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, Vol.72(2) : 105-112, 2018 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Atrial fibrillation ; Elderly ; Meta-analysis ; Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants ; Stroke
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in elderly patients (aged ≥75 years) with atrial fibrillation (AF), depending on dose and/or renal function.

METHODS: After systematically searching the databases (Medline, EMBASE, CENTRAL, SCOPUS, and Web of Science), 5 phase III randomized controlled trials and reported data according to subgroups of elderly/non-elderly AF patients, comparing any NOACs and warfarin were included. The primary efficacy and safety outcomes were stroke/systemic thromboembolism and major bleeding.

RESULTS: (1) NOACs showed better efficacy than warfarin in elderly patients [RR 0.83 (0.69-1.00), p=0.04, I2=55%], but equivalent efficacy in non-elderly patients. (2) NOACs reduced major bleeding compared to warfarin in non-elderly (p<0.001) and had comparable safety to warfarin in elderly patients. (3) Even in elderly patients with moderately impaired renal function, NOACs had a safety profile comparable to that of warfarin for major bleeding if dose reduction was reached appropriately [pooled RR 0.82 (0.35-1.88), p=0.63, I2=63%]. (4) All-cause mortality was lower with NOACs in non-elderly patients [RR 0.89 (0.83-0.95), p=0.001, I2=0%], and with standard-dose NOAC group of elderly patients [RR 0.93 (0.86-1.00), p=0.04, I2=0%] compared to warfarin.

CONCLUSIONS: For elderly patients (aged ≥75 years), NOACs showed better efficacy and equivalent safety compared to warfarin even in those with moderately impaired renal function. All-cause mortality was lower with standard-dose NOACs compared to warfarin in the elderly patient group.

SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: The protocol of this meta-analysis was registered on PROSPERO under CRD42016047922 (https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/display_record.asp?ID=CRD42016047922).
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, In-Soo(김인수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2801-5514
Kim, Tae-Hoon(김태훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4200-3456
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Uhm, Jae Sun(엄재선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1611-8172
Lee, Moon-Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
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