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Comparison of Perioperative Renal Function Between Epidural and Intravenous Patient-Controlled Analgesia After Living-Donor Hepatectomy: A Retrospective Study

 S Y Ham  ;  E J Kim  ;  T H Kim  ;  B-N Koo 
 Transplantation Proceedings, Vol.50(5) : 1365-1371, 2018 
Journal Title
 Transplantation Proceedings 
Issue Date
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic blockade associated with epidural analgesia was reported to be a risk factor for acute kidney injury (AKI) following liver resection. The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence of AKI after living-donor hepatectomies according to the type of patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). METHODS: A total of 316 patients after living-donor hepatectomy were retrospectively analyzed; 148 patients in the epidural PCA group and 168 patients in the intravenous (IV) PCA group were evaluated. AKI was defined as an increase in serum creatinine >/=0.3 mg/dL, ie, 1.5-fold from the baseline, or a reduction in the urine output in the first 48 hours after surgery, based on the Acute Kidney Injury Network criteria. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the independent risk factors for AKI after living-donor hepatectomy. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were similar between the 2 groups except the age. Volumes of fluids and colloids administered intraoperatively were greater in the epidural PCA group (P < .001 and P = .006, respectively). The incidence of AKI did not show significant differences between the 2 groups (8.1% vs 7.1%; P = .747). In multivariate analysis, preoperative serum alanine transaminase level >/=50 U/L was identified as a risk factor for postoperative AKI. However, epidural PCA failed to be a risk factor for postoperative AKI. CONCLUSIONS: The type of PCA did not affect the incidence of postoperative AKI after living-donor hepatectomy. Despite significant differences in the postoperative hemodynamics, the incidence of AKI was similar between 2 groups.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Koo, Bon-Nyeo(구본녀) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3189-1673
Kim, Eun Jung(김은정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5693-1336
Ham, Sung Yeon(함성연) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8619-4595
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