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Color Doppler Ultrasonography Is a Useful Tool for Diagnosis of Peripheral Artery Disease in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients with Ankle-Brachial Index 0.91 to 1.40

 Kyu Yeon Hur  ;  Ji Eun Jun  ;  Young Ju Choi  ;  Yong Ho Lee  ;  Dae Jung Kim  ;  Seok Won Park  ;  Byung Wook Huh  ;  Eun Jig Lee  ;  Sun Ha Jee  ;  Kap Bum Huh  ;  Sung Hee Choi 
 DIABETES & METABOLISM JOURNAL, Vol.42(1) : 63-73, 2018 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Ankle brachial index ; type 2 Diabetes mellitus ; Peripheral arterial disease ; Doppler Ultrasonography, color
BACKGROUND: The clinical utility of ankle-brachial index (ABI) is not clear in subjects with less severe or calcified vessel. Therefore, we investigated the usefulness of color Doppler ultrasonography for diagnosing peripheral artery disease (PAD) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects. METHODS: We analyzed 324 T2DM patients who concurrently underwent ABI and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) measurements and color Doppler ultrasonography from 2003 to 2006. The degree of stenosis in patients with PAD was determined according to Jager's criteria, and PAD was defined as grade III (50% to 99% stenosis) or IV stenosis (100% stenosis) by color Doppler ultrasonography. Logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis were performed to evaluate the risk factors for PAD in patients with ABI 0.91 to 1.40. RESULTS: Among the 324 patients, 77 (23.8%) had ABI 0.91 to 1.40 but were diagnosed with PAD. Color Doppler ultrasonography demonstrated that suprapopliteal arterial stenosis, bilateral lesions, and multivessel involvement were less common in PAD patients with ABI 0.91 to 1.40 than in those with ABI </=0.90. A multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that older age, current smoking status, presence of leg symptoms, and high CIMT were significantly associated with the presence of PAD in patients with ABI 0.91 to 1.40 after adjusting for conventional risk factors. CIMT showed significant power in predicting the presence of PAD in patients with ABI 0.91 to 1.40. CONCLUSION: Color Doppler ultrasonography is a useful tool for the detection of PAD in T2DM patients with ABI 0.91 to 1.40 but a high CIMT.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Yong Ho(이용호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6219-4942
Lee, Eun Jig(이은직) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9876-8370
Jee, Sun Ha(지선하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9519-3068
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