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Prediction of Overall Survival Based on Isocitrate Dehydrogenase 1 Mutation and 18F-FDG Uptake on PET/CT in Patients With Cerebral Gliomas

 Dongwoo Kim  ;  Soyoung Kim  ;  Se Hoon Kim  ;  Jong Hee Chang  ;  Mijin Yun 
 Clinical Nuclear Medicine, Vol.43(5) : 311-316, 2018 
Journal Title
 Clinical Nuclear Medicine 
Issue Date
PURPOSE: This retrospective study aimed to correlate F-FDG uptake on PET/CT with isocitrate dehydrogenase enzyme isoform 1 (IDH1) mutation in patients with cerebral gliomas. Hierarchical interactions between factors affecting overall survival (OS) were also examined. METHODS: In 59 patients with glioma, the ratio of the SUVmax of a glioma to the SUVmean of the contralateral cortex (G/C ratio) on F-FDG PET/CT and the presence of IDH1 mutation were correlated. The prognostic value of clinicopathologic factors and G/C ratio for OS were assessed using a Cox proportional hazards model and classification and regression tree models. RESULTS: The mean G/C ratio of IDH1-mutant tumors was significantly lower than that of IDH1 wild-type tumors (0.73 vs 1.14, P = 0.004). In multivariate analysis, IDH1-mutant and G/C ratio were significant for OS. The classification and regression tree modeling identified 3 risk groups for OS (group 1: IDH1 mutant [hazard ratio, 0.2]; group 2: G/C ratio </=0.8 with IDH1 wild type [hazard ratio, 0.83]; group 3: G/C ratio >0.8 with IDH1 wild type [hazard ratio, 1.9]) (overall P < 0.001). The mean OS was 37.0 months in group 1, 28.6 months in group 2, and 20.7 months in group 3, respectively, showing significant differences among the groups (group 1 vs group 2: P = 0.023, group 2 vs group 3: P = 0.049, group 1 vs group3: P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: F-FDG uptake of IDH1-mutant gliomas was significantly lower than that of IDH1 wild-type gliomas. IDH1 mutation was the most important factor in identifying patients with the best prognosis, whereas increased F-FDG uptake provided additional prognostic information for predicting poor OS among patients with IDH1 wild-type gliomas.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Nuclear Medicine (핵의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dongwoo(김동우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1723-604X
Kim, Se Hoon(김세훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7516-7372
Kim, Soyoung(김소영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6163-1434
Yun, Mi Jin(윤미진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1712-163X
Chang, Jong Hee(장종희)
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