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Differential effects on sodium current impairments by distinct SCN1A mutations in GABAergic neurons derived from Dravet syndrome patients

 Hyun Woo Kim  ;  Zhejiu Quan  ;  Young-Beom Kim  ;  Eunji Cheong  ;  Heung Dong Kim  ;  Minjung Cho  ;  Jiho Jang  ;  Young Rang Yoo  ;  Joon Soo Lee  ;  Ji Hun Kim  ;  Yang In Kim  ;  Dae-Sung Kim  ;  Hoon-Chul Kang 
 Brain & Development, Vol.40(4) : 287-298, 2018 
Journal Title
 Brain & Development 
Issue Date
Dravet syndrome ; Induced pluripotent stem cell ; Voltage-gated sodium channel
BACKGROUND: We investigated how two distinct mutations in SCN1A differentially affect electrophysiological properties of the patient-derived GABAergic neurons and clinical severities in two Dravet syndrome (DS) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We established induced pluripotent stem cells from two DS patients with different mutations in SCN1A and subsequently differentiated them into forebrain GABAergic neurons. Functionality of differentiated GABAergic neurons was examined by electrophysiological recordings. RESULTS: DS-1 patient had a missense mutation, c.4261G>T [GenBank: NM_006920.4] and DS-2 patient had a nonsense frameshift mutation, c.3576_3580 del TCAAA [GenBank: NM_006920.4]. Clinically, contrary to our expectations, DS-1 patient had more severe symptoms including frequency of seizure episodes and the extent of intellectual ability penetration than DS-2 patient. Electrophysiologic recordings showed significantly lower sodium current density and reduced action potential frequency at strong current injection (>60pA) in GABAergic neurons derived from both. Intriguingly, unique genetic alterations of SCN1A differentially impacted electrophysiological impairment of the neurons, and the impairment's extent corresponded with the symptomatic severity of the donor from which the iPSCs were derived. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest the possibility that patient-derived iPSCs may provide a reliable in vitro system that reflects clinical severities in individuals with DS.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Physiology (생리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
강훈철(Kang, Hoon Chul) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3659-8847
김흥동(Kim, Heung Dong) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8031-7336
이준수(Lee, Joon Soo) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-9343
장지호(Jang, Ji Ho) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5551-3514
조민정(Cho, Min Jung)
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