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The Origin of Skin Dendritic Cell Network and Its Role in Psoriasis

 Tae-Gyun Kim  ;  Sung Hee Kim  ;  Min-Geol Lee 
 International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol.19(1) : 42, 2018 
Journal Title
 International Journal of Molecular Sciences 
Issue Date
dendritic cells ; ontogeny ; psoriasis ; skin
Dendritic cells (DCs) are heterogeneous groups of innate immune cells, which orchestrate immune responses by presenting antigens to cognate T cells and stimulating other types of immune cells. Although the term 'DCs' generally represent highly mixed subsets with functional heterogeneity, the classical definition of DCs usually denotes conventional DCs (cDCs). Skin contains a unique DC network mainly composed of embryo precursor-derived epidermal Langerhans cells (LCs) and bone marrow-derived dermal cDCs, which can be further classified into type 1 (cDC1) and type 2 (cDC2) subsets. Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, which is principally mediated by IL-23/IL-17 cytokine axis. In the psoriatic skins, DCs are prominent cellular sources for TNF-alpha and IL-23, and the use of blocking antibodies against TNF-alpha and IL-23 leads to a significant clinical improvement in psoriatic patients. Recent elegant human and mouse studies have shown that inflammation-induced inflammatory DCs, LCs, dermal cDC2, and monocyte-derived DCs are pivotal DC subsets in psoriatic inflammation. Thus, targeting specific pathogenic DC subsets would be a potential strategy for alleviating and preventing DC-derived IL-23-dependent psoriatic inflammation and other inflammatory dermatoses in the future.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Dermatology (피부과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Tae-Gyun(김태균) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2116-4579
Lee, Min Geol(이민걸) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7040-5335
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