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Evaluation of predictive factors of vertebral compression fracture after conventional palliative radiotherapy for spinal metastasis from colorectal cancer

 Jeongshim Lee  ;  Woo Joong Rhee  ;  Jee Suk Chang  ;  Sei Kyung Chang  ;  Woong Sub Koom 
 JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGERY, Vol.28(3) : 333-340, 2018 
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OBJECTIVE Delayed consequences of spinal radiotherapy (RT), including vertebral compression fracture (VCF), are critical complications. However, the predisposing factors that contribute to VCF after conventional RT are unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of VCF and to determine the predictors of VCF following conventional spinal RT specific to colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed 237 spinal segments (147 metastatic and 90 nonmetastatic) in 53 patients with CRC who underwent RT with a median total dose of 30 Gy in 10 fractions between January 2007 and December 2014. The primary end point was the development of a VCF following RT, either de novo VCF or the progression of a baseline VCF. VCFs were assessed using the spinal instability neoplastic score (SINS) criteria. RESULTS Among all 237 spinal segments, 22 VCFs (9.3%) were observed following RT, including 13 de novo and 9 progressive fractures, and the median time to VCF was 4 months. All VCFs developed in metastatic spines. Among 147 metastatic spinal segments, 22 fractures were observed, with a 12-month cumulative incidence of VCF of 14.8%. Results of multivariable analysis indicated sex (p = 0.023) and SINS class II/III (p < 0.001) as risk factors related to development of a VCF in metastatic spinal segments. Among the SINS criteria, a lytic tumor and the presence of a baseline VCF were identified as predictors of VCF in metastatic spinal segments. CONCLUSIONS In osteolytic or mixed lesions that were predominant in spinal metastases of CRC, the incidence of VCF was not negligible, even in patients treated with conventional spinal RT. This was especially evident in patients with spinal metastases with a SINS score ≥ 7. Presence of a baseline VCF after spinal RT is a predictor of VCF development and should be observed carefully.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Koom, Woong Sub(금웅섭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9435-7750
Rhee, Woo Joong(이우중) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9690-0553
Lee, Jeong Shim(이정심)
Chang, Jee Suk(장지석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7685-3382
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