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인지 저하를 호소하는 유방암 환자들의 인지 기능 관련 요인

Other Titles
 Factors Associated with Cognitive Function in Breast Cancer Patients Complaining Cognitive Decline 
 이선아  ;  박경미  ;  김태호  ;  이은 
 Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine (정신신체의학), Vol.25(2) : 136-144, 2017 
Journal Title
Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine(정신신체의학)
Issue Date
Breast cancer ; Cognitive decline ; Depression, anxiety
Objectives : Cognitive complaints are reported frequently after breast cancer treatments. The causes of cognitive decline are multifactorial, a result of the effect of cancer itself, chemotherapy, and psychological factors such as depression and anxiety. However, cognitive decline does not always correlate with neuropsychological test performance. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of subjective cognitive decline with objective measurement and to explore associated factors of cognitive function in breast cancer survivors. Methods : We included 29 breast cancer survivors who complain cognitive decline at least 6 months after treatment and 20 age-matched healthy controls. Neuropsychological tests were performed in all participants. Multivariable regression analysis evaluated associations between neuropsychological test scores and psychological distress including depression and anxiety, also considering age, education, and comorbidity. Results : There were no statistically significant differences in neuropsychological test performances. However, the breast cancer survivors showed a significantly higher depression(p=0.002) and anxiety(p<0.001) than the healthy controls did. Among the cancer survivors, poorer executive function was strongly associated with higher depression(${\beta}=-0.336$ 수식 이미지, p=0.001) and anxiety(${\beta}=-0.273$ 수식 이미지, p=0.009), after controlling for age, education, and comorbidity. In addition, poorer attention was also significantly related with depression(${\beta}=-0.375$ 수식 이미지, p=0.023) and anxiety (${\beta}=-0.404$ 수식 이미지, p=0.013). Conclusions : The results of this study showed the discrepancies between subjective complaints and objective measures of cognitive function in breast cancer survivors. It suggests that subjective cognitive decline could be indicators of psychological distress such as depression and anxiety.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Eun(이은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7462-0144
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