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Single Center Experience with Gastrostomy Insertion in Pediatric Patients: A 10-Year Review

 Jiyoung Kim  ;  Hong Koh  ;  Eun Young Chang  ;  Sun Yeong Park  ;  Seung Kim 
 Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition, Vol.20(1) : 34-40, 2017 
Journal Title
 Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition 
Issue Date
Algorithms ; Child ; Enterocutaneous fistula ; Gastrostomy
PURPOSE: This study was performed to review the outcomes of gastrostomy insertion in children at our institute during 10 years. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 236 patients who underwent gastrostomy insertion from October 2005 to March 2015. We used our algorithm to select the least invasive method for gastrostomy insertion for each patient. Long-term follow-up was performed to analyze complications related to the method of gastrostomy insertion. RESULTS: Out of 236 patients, 120 underwent endoscopic gastrostomy, 79 had laparoscopic gastrostomy, and 37 had open gastrostomy procedures. The total major complication rates for endoscopic gastrostomy insertion, laparoscopic gastrostomy insertion, and open gastrostomy were 9.2%, 8.9%, and 8.1%, respectively. The most common major complication was gastroesophageal reflux requiring Nissen fundoplication (3.8%), and other complications included peritonitis (1.3%), hiatal hernia (1.3%), and bowel perforation (0.8%). Gastrostomy removal was successful in 8.6% and 5.0% of patients in the endoscopic and surgical gastrostomy groups, respectively. Gastrocutaneous fistula occurred in 60% of surgically inserted cases, requiring a second operation. CONCLUSION: This retrospective study was performed to review the outcome of gastrostomy insertion, as well as to introduce an algorithm that can be used for future cases. Further studies should be conducted to make a consensus on choosing the most appropriate method for gastrostomy insertion.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
고홍(Koh, Hong) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3660-7483
김승(Kim, Seung) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4373-9828
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