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CHA2DS2-VASc Score (Congestive Heart Failure, Hypertension, Age ≥75 [Doubled], Diabetes Mellitus, Prior Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack [Doubled], Vascular Disease, Age 65-74, Female) for Stroke in Asian Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: A Korean Nationwide Sample Cohort Study

 Tae-Hoon Kim  ;  Pil-Sung Yang  ;  Jae-Sun Uhm  ;  Jong-Youn Kim  ;  Hui-Nam Pak  ;  Moon-Hyoung Lee  ;  Boyoung Joung  ;  Gregory Y.H. Lip 
 STROKE, Vol.48(6) : 1524-1530, 2017 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Atrial Fibrillation/complications ; Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology* ; Brain Ischemia/epidemiology* ; Brain Ischemia/etiology ; Comorbidity ; Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Heart Failure/epidemiology ; Humans ; Hypertension/epidemiology ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Severity of Illness Index* ; Stroke/epidemiology* ; Stroke/etiology ; Thromboembolism/epidemiology*
Korea ; atrial fibrillation ; death ; stroke ; thromboembolism
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The CHA2DS2-VASc stroke score (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 (doubled), diabetes mellitus, prior stroke or transient ischemic attack (doubled), vascular disease, age 65-74, female) is used in most guidelines for risk stratification in atrial fibrillation (AF), but most data for this score have been derived in Western populations. Ethnic differences in stroke risk may be present. Our objective was to investigate risk factors for stroke in AF and application of the CHA2DS2-VASc score in an Asian AF population from Korea. METHODS: A total of 5855 oral anticoagulant-naive nonvalvular AF patients aged ≥20 years were enrolled from Korea National Health Insurance Service Sample cohort from 2002 to 2008 and were followed up until December 2013. RESULTS: The incidence rates (per 100 person-years) of ischemic stroke were 3.32 in the total population, being 0.23 in low-risk (CHA2DS2-VASc score 0 [male] or 1 [female]) and 4.59 in high-risk patients (CHA2DS2-VASc ≥2). Incidence rates of ischemic stroke or the composite thromboembolism end point showed a clear increase with increasing CHA2DS2-VASc score. On multivariable analysis, significant associations between CHA2DS2-VASc risk factors and ischemic stroke were observed; however, the significance of vascular disease or diabetes mellitus was attenuated after multivariate adjustment, and female sex (hazard ratio, 0.73; 95% confidence interval, 0.64-0.84) had a lower risk of ischemic stroke than males. Patients who were categorized as low risk consistently had an event rate <1% per year. CONCLUSIONS: The performance of CHA2DS2-VASc score in Asians is comparable with that in Western populations. The score shows good performance in defining the truly-low-risk AF patients for stroke/thromboembolism.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jong Youn(김종윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7040-8771
Kim, Tae-Hoon(김태훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4200-3456
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Yang, Pil Sung(양필성)
Uhm, Jae Sun(엄재선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1611-8172
Lee, Moon-Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
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