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Prevalence of intestinal helminths among inhabitants of Cambodia (2006-2011)

Authors
 Tai-Soon Yong  ;  Jong-Yil Chai  ;  Woon-Mok Sohn  ;  Keeseon S. Eom  ;  Hoo-Gn Jeoung  ;  Eui-Hyug Hoang  ;  Cheong-Ha Yoon  ;  Bong-Kwang Jung  ;  Soon-Hyung Lee  ;  Muth Sinuon  ;  Duong Socheat 
Citation
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY, Vol.52(6) : 661-666, 2014 
Journal Title
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY 
ISSN
 0023-4001 
Issue Date
2014
Keywords
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Animals ; Cambodia/epidemiology ; Child ; Feces/parasitology* ; Female ; Helminthiasis/epidemiology* ; Helminths/classification* ; Helminths/isolation & purification* ; Humans ; Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/epidemiology* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Prevalence ; Topography, Medical ; Young Adult
Abstract
In order to investigate the status of intestinal helminthic infections in Cambodia, epidemiological surveys were carried out on a national scale, including 19 provinces. A total of 32,201 fecal samples were collected from schoolchildren and adults between 2006 and 2011 and examined once by the Kato-Katz thick smear technique. The overall egg positive rate of intestinal helminths was 26.2%. The prevalence of hookworms was the highest (9.6%), followed by that of Opisthorchis viverrini/minute intestinal flukes (Ov/MIF) (5.7%), Ascaris lumbricoides (4.6%), and Trichuris trichiura (4.1%). Other types of parasites detected were Enterobius vermicularis (1.1%), Taenia spp. (0.4%), and Hymenolepis spp. (0.2%). The northwestern regions such as the Siem Reap, Oddar Meanchey, and Banteay Meanchey Provinces showed higher prevalences (17.4-22.3%) of hookworms than the other localities. The southwestern areas, including Koh Kong and Preah Sihanouk Provinces showed higher prevalences of A. lumbricoides (17.5-19.2%) and T. trichiura (6.1-21.0%). Meanwhile, the central and southern areas, in particular, Takeo and Kampong Cham Provinces, showed high prevalences of Ov/MIF (23.8-24.0%). The results indicate that a considerably high prevalence of intestinal helminths has been revealed in Cambodia, and thus sustained national parasite control projects are necessary to reduce morbidity due to parasitic infections in Cambodia.
Files in This Item:
T201406281.pdf Download
DOI
10.3347/kjp.2014.52.6.661
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Environmental Medical Biology (환경의생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yong, Tai Soon(용태순) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3445-0769
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/158587
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