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Ischemic Stroke in Patients with Renal Transplantation

Authors
 Tae-Jin Song  ;  Myoung-Jin Cha  ;  Jinkwon Kim  ;  Dong Hyun Lee  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Chung Mo Nam  ;  Young Dae Kim  ;  Hyo Suk Nam  ;  Ji Hoe Heo 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Stroke (대한뇌졸중학회지), Vol.14(3) : 122-127, 2012 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Stroke (대한뇌졸중학회지) 
ISSN
 1229-4101 
Issue Date
2012
Keywords
Renal transplantation ; End stage renal disease ; Stroke ; Cerebral infarction ; Cerebral microbleeds ; Leukoaraiosis
Abstract
Background : Impaired renal function may contribute to development of stroke and small vessel pathology in the brain. We investigated whether stroke subtype, initial stroke severity, early neurologic outcomes, time to cerebral infarction occurrence, and the presence of small vessel pathology in the brain are different between patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) and those with renal transplantation (RT). Methods : A total of 57 consecutive de novo RT patients (RT group) and 120 patients undergoing dialysis due to ESRD (ESRD group) who developed a first-ever acute cerebral infarction were enrolled. We compared stroke subtypes based on the Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment classification, the presence of small vessel pathology (cerebral microbleed, leukoaraiosis and silent lacunar infarction) on MRI, stroke severity based on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and in-hospital mortality between the groups. Results : The stroke subtypes, NIHSS scores at admission and in-hospital mortality were not different between the two groups. On multivariate analysis, the presence of high grade periventricular white matter changes tended to be more frequently detected in the ESRD group than the RT (P=0.078). The time from starting dialysis to stroke was longer in the RT group (129.9+/-60.9 months) than in the ESRD group (51.1+/-46.1 months). Conclusions : The stroke patterns, severity and short term outcomes were not different between RT and ESRD. The risk of cerebral infarction and high grade periventricular white matter changes may be reduced after RT in patients with ESRD.
Files in This Item:
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DOI
10.5853/kjs.2012.14.3.122
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Dae(김영대) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5750-2616
Kim, Jinkwon(김진권) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0156-9736
Nam, Chung Mo(남정모) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0985-0928
Nam, Hyo Suk(남효석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4415-3995
Song, Tae Jin(송태진)
Lee, Dong Hyun(이동현)
Cha, Myoung Jin(차명진)
Heo, Ji Hoe(허지회) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9898-3321
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/158304
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