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A novel role for epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase and its downstream endoplasmic reticulum stress in cardiac damage and microvascular dysfunction in type 1 diabetes mellitus

 Maria Galán  ;  Modar Kassan  ;  Soo-Kyoung Choi  ;  Megan Partyka  ;  Mohamed Trebak  ;  Daniel Henrion  ;  Khalid Matrougui 
 HYPERTENSION, Vol.60(1) : 71-80, 2012 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Animals ; Blotting, Western ; Cholagogues and Choleretics/pharmacology ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/chemically induced ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/pathology ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/physiopathology* ; Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress/drug effects ; Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress/physiology* ; Fibrosis/prevention & control ; Gene Expression/drug effects ; Heart/physiopathology* ; Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology ; Insulin/pharmacology ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Myocardium/metabolism ; Myocardium/pathology ; Phosphorylation/drug effects ; Quinazolines/pharmacology ; Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor/antagonists & inhibitors ; Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor/genetics ; Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor/metabolism* ; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction ; Streptozocin ; Taurochenodeoxycholic Acid/pharmacology ; Transcription Factor CHOP/genetics ; Transcription Factor CHOP/metabolism ; Tyrphostins/pharmacology ; Vasodilation/drug effects ; Vasodilation/physiology*
Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase (EGFRtk) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress are important factors in cardiovascular complications. Understanding whether enhanced EGFRtk activity and ER stress induction are involved in cardiac damage, and microvascular dysfunction in type 1 diabetes mellitus is an important question that has remained unanswered. Cardiac fibrosis and microvascular function were determined in C57BL/6J mice injected with streptozotocin only or in combination with EGFRtk inhibitor (AG1478), ER stress inhibitor (Tudca), or insulin for 2 weeks. In diabetic mice, we observed an increase in EGFRtk phosphorylation and ER stress marker expression (CHOP, ATF4, ATF6, and phosphorylated-eIF2α) in heart and mesenteric resistance arteries, which were reduced with AG1478, Tudca, and insulin. Cardiac fibrosis, enhanced collagen type I, and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 were decreased with AG1478, Tudca, and insulin treatments. The impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation and -independent relaxation responses were also restored after treatments. The inhibition of NO synthesis reduced endothelium-dependent relaxation in control and treated streptozotocin mice, whereas the inhibition of NADPH oxidase improved endothelium-dependent relaxation only in streptozotocin mice. Moreover, in mesenteric resistance arteries, the mRNA levels of Nox2 and Nox4 and the NADPH oxidase activity were augmented in streptozotocin mice and reduced with treatments. This study unveiled novel roles for enhanced EGFRtk phosphorylation and its downstream ER stress in cardiac fibrosis and microvascular endothelial dysfunction in type 1 diabetes mellitus.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Physiology (생리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Choi, Soo Kyoung(최수경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7115-6358
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